Sorting object property by values


If I have a JavaScript object such as:

var list = {
  "you": 100, 
  "me": 75, 
  "foo": 116, 
  "bar": 15
};

Is there a way to sort the properties based on value? So that I end up with

list = {
  "bar": 15, 
  "me": 75, 
  "you": 100, 
  "foo": 116
};

Move them to an array, sort that array, and then use that array for your purposes. Here's a solution:

var maxSpeed = {
    car: 300, 
    bike: 60, 
    motorbike: 200, 
    airplane: 1000,
    helicopter: 400, 
    rocket: 8 * 60 * 60
};
var sortable = [];
for (var vehicle in maxSpeed) {
    sortable.push([vehicle, maxSpeed[vehicle]]);
}

sortable.sort(function(a, b) {
    return a[1] - b[1];
});

//[["bike", 60], ["motorbike", 200], ["car", 300],
//["helicopter", 400], ["airplane", 1000], ["rocket", 28800]]

Once you have the array, you could rebuild the object from the array in the order you like, thus achieving exactly what you set out to do. That would work in all the browsers I know of, but it would be dependent on an implementation quirk, and could break at any time. You should never make assumptions about the order of elements in a JavaScript object.

var objSorted = {}
sortable.forEach(function(item){
    objSorted[item[0]]=item[1]
})

We don't want to duplicate the entire data structure, or use an array where we need an associative array.

Here's another way to do the same thing as bonna:

var list = {"you": 100, "me": 75, "foo": 116, "bar": 15};
keysSorted = Object.keys(list).sort(function(a,b){return list[a]-list[b]})
console.log(keysSorted);     // bar,me,you,foo


Your objects can have any amount of properties and you can choose to sort by whatever object property you want, number or string, if you put the objects in an array. Consider this array:

var arrayOfObjects = [   
    {
        name: 'Diana',
        born: 1373925600000, // Mon, Jul 15 2013
        num: 4,
        sex: 'female'
    },
    {

        name: 'Beyonce',
        born: 1366832953000, // Wed, Apr 24 2013
        num: 2,
        sex: 'female'
    },
    {            
        name: 'Albert',
        born: 1370288700000, // Mon, Jun 3 2013
        num: 3,
        sex: 'male'
    },    
    {
        name: 'Doris',
        born: 1354412087000, // Sat, Dec 1 2012
        num: 1,
        sex: 'female'
    }
];

sort by date born, oldest first

// use slice() to copy the array and not just make a reference
var byDate = arrayOfObjects.slice(0);
byDate.sort(function(a,b) {
    return a.born - b.born;
});
console.log('by date:');
console.log(byDate);

sort by name

var byName = arrayOfObjects.slice(0);
byName.sort(function(a,b) {
    var x = a.name.toLowerCase();
    var y = b.name.toLowerCase();
    return x < y ? -1 : x > y ? 1 : 0;
});

console.log('by name:');
console.log(byName);

http://jsfiddle.net/xsM5s/16/


For completeness sake, this function returns sorted array of object properties:

function sortObject(obj) {
    var arr = [];
    for (var prop in obj) {
        if (obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
            arr.push({
                'key': prop,
                'value': obj[prop]
            });
        }
    }
    arr.sort(function(a, b) { return a.value - b.value; });
    //arr.sort(function(a, b) { a.value.toLowerCase().localeCompare(b.value.toLowerCase()); }); //use this to sort as strings
    return arr; // returns array
}

var list = {"you": 100, "me": 75, "foo": 116, "bar": 15};
var arr = sortObject(list);
console.log(arr); // [{key:"bar", value:15}, {key:"me", value:75}, {key:"you", value:100}, {key:"foo", value:116}]

Jsfiddle with the code above is here. This solution is based on this article.

Updated fiddle for sorting strings is here. You can remove both additional .toLowerCase() conversions from it for case sensitive string comparation.


An "arrowed" version of @marcusR 's answer for reference

var myObj = {"you": 100, "me": 75, "foo": 116, "bar": 15};
keysSorted = Object.keys(myObj).sort((a,b) => myObj[a]-myObj[b])
alert(keysSorted);     // bar,me,you,foo

UPDATE: April 2017 - This returns a sorted myObj object defined above.

Object
 .keys(myObj)
 .sort((a, b) => myObj[a]-myObj[b])
 .reduce((_sortedObj, key) => ({
   ..._sortedObj, 
   [key]: myObj[key]
 }), {})

Try it here!

UPDATE: October 2018 - Object.entries version

Object
 .entries(myObj)
 .sort()
 .reduce((_sortedObj, [k,v]) => ({
   ..._sortedObj, 
   [k]: v
 }), {})

Try it here!


JavaScript objects are unordered by definition (see the ECMAScript Language Specification, section 8.6). The language specification doesn't even guarantee that, if you iterate over the properties of an object twice in succession, they'll come out in the same order the second time.

If you need things to be ordered, use an array and the Array.prototype.sort method.


ECMAScript 2017 introduces Object.values / Object.entries. As the name suggests, the former aggregates all the values of an object into an array, and the latter does the whole object into an array of [key, value] arrays; Python's equivalent of dict.values() and dict.items().

The features make it pretty easier to sort any hash into an ordered object. As of now, only a small portion of JavaScript platforms support them, but you can try it on Firefox 47+.

let obj = {"you": 100, "me": 75, "foo": 116, "bar": 15};

let entries = Object.entries(obj);
// [["you",100],["me",75],["foo",116],["bar",15]]

let sorted = entries.sort((a, b) => a[1] - b[1]);
// [["bar",15],["me",75],["you",100],["foo",116]]

OK, as you may know, javascript has sort() function, to sort arrays, but nothing for object...

So in that case, we need to somehow get array of the keys and sort them, thats the reason the apis gives you objects in an array most of the time, because Array has more native functions to play with them than object literal, anyway, the quick solotion is using Object.key which return an array of the object keys, I create the ES6 function below which does the job for you, it uses native sort() and reduce() functions in javascript:

function sortObject(obj) {
  return Object.keys(obj)
    .sort().reduce((a, v) => {
    a[v] = obj[v];
    return a; }, {});
}

And now you can use it like this:

let myObject = {a: 1, c: 3, e: 5, b: 2, d: 4};
let sortedMyObject = sortObject(myObject);

Check the sortedMyObject and you can see the result sorted by keys like this:

{a: 1, b: 2, c: 3, d: 4, e: 5}

Also this way, the main object won't be touched and we actually getting a new object.

I also create the image below, to make the function steps more clear, in case you need to change it a bit to work it your way:

Sorting a javascript object by property value


var list = {
    "you": 100, 
    "me": 75, 
    "foo": 116, 
    "bar": 15
};

function sortAssocObject(list) {
    var sortable = [];
    for (var key in list) {
        sortable.push([key, list[key]]);
    }
    // [["you",100],["me",75],["foo",116],["bar",15]]

    sortable.sort(function(a, b) {
        return (a[1] < b[1] ? -1 : (a[1] > b[1] ? 1 : 0));
    });
    // [["bar",15],["me",75],["you",100],["foo",116]]

    var orderedList = {};
    for (var idx in sortable) {
        orderedList[sortable[idx][0]] = sortable[idx][1];
    }

    return orderedList;
}

sortAssocObject(list);

// {bar: 15, me: 75, you: 100, foo: 116}

Update with ES6: If your concern is having a sorted object to iterate through (which is why i'd imagine you want your object properties sorted), you can use the Map object.

You can insert your (key, value) pairs in sorted order and then doing a for..of loop will guarantee having them loop in the order you inserted them

var myMap = new Map();
myMap.set(0, "zero");
myMap.set(1, "one");
for (var [key, value] of myMap) {
  console.log(key + " = " + value);
}
// 0 = zero 
// 1 = one

Underscore.js or Lodash.js for advanced array or object sorts

 var data={
        "models": {

            "LTI": [
                "TX"
            ],
            "Carado": [
                "A",
                "T",
                "A(????)",
                "A(????)",
                "T(????)",
                "T(????)",
                "A",
                "T"
            ],
            "SPARK": [
                "SP110C 2",
                "sp150r 18"
            ],
            "Autobianchi": [
                "A112"
            ]
        }
    };

    var arr=[],
        obj={};
    for(var i in data.models){
      arr.push([i, _.sortBy(data.models[i],function (el){return el;})]);
    }
    arr=_.sortBy(arr,function (el){
      return el[0];
    });
    _.map(arr,function (el){return obj[el[0]]=el[1];});
     console.log(obj);

demo


I am following the solution given by slebetman (go read it for all the details), but adjusted, since your object is non-nested.

// First create the array of keys/values so that we can sort it:
var sort_array = [];
for (var key in list) {
    sort_array.push({key:key,value:list[key]});
}

// Now sort it:
sort_array.sort(function(x,y){return x.value - y.value});

// Now process that object with it:
for (var i=0;i<sort_array.length;i++) {
    var item = list[sort_array[i].key];

    // now do stuff with each item
}

Very short and simple!

var sortedList = {};
Object.keys(list).sort((a,b) => list[a]-list[b]).forEach((key) => {
    sortedList[key] = list[key]; });

Sort values without multiple for-loops (to sort by the keys change index in the sort callback to "0")

const list = {
    "you": 100, 
    "me": 75, 
    "foo": 116, 
    "bar": 15
  };

let sorted = Object.fromEntries(
                Object.entries(list).sort( (a,b) => a[1] - b[1] )    
             ) 
console.log('Sorted object: ', sorted) 


This could be a simple way to handle it as a real ordered object. Not sure how slow it is. also might be better with a while loop.

Object.sortByKeys = function(myObj){
  var keys = Object.keys(myObj)
  keys.sort()
  var sortedObject = Object()
  for(i in keys){
    key = keys[i]
    sortedObject[key]=myObj[key]
   }

  return sortedObject

}

And then I found this invert function from: http://nelsonwells.net/2011/10/swap-object-key-and-values-in-javascript/

Object.invert = function (obj) {

  var new_obj = {};

  for (var prop in obj) {
    if(obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
      new_obj[obj[prop]] = prop;
    }
  }

  return new_obj;
};

So

var list = {"you": 100, "me": 75, "foo": 116, "bar": 15};
var invertedList = Object.invert(list)
var invertedOrderedList = Object.sortByKeys(invertedList)
var orderedList = Object.invert(invertedOrderedList)

a = { b: 1, p: 8, c: 2, g: 1 }
Object.keys(a)
  .sort((c,b) => {
    return a[b]-a[c]
  })
  .reduce((acc, cur) => {
    let o = {}
    o[cur] = a[cur]
    acc.push(o)
    return acc
   } , [])

output = [ { p: 8 }, { c: 2 }, { b: 1 }, { g: 1 } ]


Just in case, someone is looking for keeping the object (with keys and values), using the code reference by @Markus R and @James Moran comment, just use:

var list = {"you": 100, "me": 75, "foo": 116, "bar": 15};
var newO = {};
Object.keys(list).sort(function(a,b){return list[a]-list[b]})
                 .map(key => newO[key] = list[key]);
console.log(newO);  // {bar: 15, me: 75, you: 100, foo: 116}

many similar and useful functions: https://github.com/shimondoodkin/groupbyfunctions/

function sortobj(obj)
{
    var keys=Object.keys(obj);
    var kva= keys.map(function(k,i)
    {
        return [k,obj[k]];
    });
    kva.sort(function(a,b){
        if(a[1]>b[1]) return -1;if(a[1]<b[1]) return 1;
        return 0
    });
    var o={}
    kva.forEach(function(a){ o[a[0]]=a[1]})
    return o;
}

function sortobjkey(obj,key)
{
    var keys=Object.keys(obj);
    var kva= keys.map(function(k,i)
    {
        return [k,obj[k]];
    });
    kva.sort(function(a,b){
        k=key;      if(a[1][k]>b[1][k]) return -1;if(a[1][k]<b[1][k]) return 1;
        return 0
    });
    var o={}
    kva.forEach(function(a){ o[a[0]]=a[1]})
    return o;
}

Object sorted by value (DESC)

function sortObject(list) {
  var sortable = [];
  for (var key in list) {
    sortable.push([key, list[key]]);
  }

  sortable.sort(function(a, b) {
    return (a[1] > b[1] ? -1 : (a[1] < b[1] ? 1 : 0));
  });

  var orderedList = {};
  for (var i = 0; i < sortable.length; i++) {
    orderedList[sortable[i][0]] = sortable[i][1];
  }

  return orderedList;
}

Here is one more example:

function sortObject(obj) {
  var arr = [];
  var prop;
  for (prop in obj) {
    if (obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
      arr.push({
        'key': prop,
        'value': obj[prop]
      });
    }
  }
  arr.sort(function(a, b) {
    return a.value - b.value;
  });
  return arr; // returns array
}
var list = {
  car: 300,
  bike: 60,
  motorbike: 200,
  airplane: 1000,
  helicopter: 400,
  rocket: 8 * 60 * 60
};
var arr = sortObject(list);
console.log(arr);


    var list = {
    "you": 100,
    "me": 75,
    "foo": 116,
    "bar": 15
};
var tmpList = {};
while (Object.keys(list).length) {
    var key = Object.keys(list).reduce((a, b) => list[a] > list[b] ? a : b);
    tmpList[key] = list[key];
    delete list[key];
}
list = tmpList;
console.log(list); // { foo: 116, you: 100, me: 75, bar: 15 }

TypeScript

The following function sorts object by value or a property of the value. If you don't use TypeScript you can remove the type information to convert it to JavaScript.

/**
 * Represents an associative array of a same type.
 */
interface Dictionary<T> {
  [key: string]: T;
}

/**
 * Sorts an object (dictionary) by value or property of value and returns
 * the sorted result as a Map object to preserve the sort order.
 */
function sort<TValue>(
  obj: Dictionary<TValue>,
  valSelector: (val: TValue) => number | string,
) {
  const sortedEntries = Object.entries(obj)
    .sort((a, b) =>
      valSelector(a[1]) > valSelector(b[1]) ? 1 :
      valSelector(a[1]) < valSelector(b[1]) ? -1 : 0);
  return new Map(sortedEntries);
}

Usage

var list = {
  "one": { height: 100, weight: 15 },
  "two": { height: 75, weight: 12 },
  "three": { height: 116, weight: 9 },
  "four": { height: 15, weight: 10 },
};

var sortedMap = sort(list, val => val.height);

The order of keys in a JavaScript object are not guaranteed, so I'm sorting and returning the result as a Map object which preserves the sort order.

If you want to convert it back to Object, you can do this:

var sortedObj = {} as any;
sortedMap.forEach((v,k) => { sortedObj[k] = v });

input is object, output is object, using lodash & js built-in lib, with descending or ascending option, and does not mutate input object

eg input & output

{
  "a": 1,
  "b": 4,
  "c": 0,
  "d": 2
}
{
  "b": 4,
  "d": 2,
  "a": 1,
  "c": 0
}

The implementation

const _ = require('lodash');

const o = { a: 1, b: 4, c: 0, d: 2 };


function sortByValue(object, descending = true) {
  const { max, min } = Math;
  const selector = descending ? max : min;

  const objects = [];
  const cloned = _.clone(object);

  while (!_.isEmpty(cloned)) {
    const selectedValue = selector(...Object.values(cloned));
    const [key, value] = Object.entries(cloned).find(([, value]) => value === selectedValue);

    objects.push({ [key]: value });
    delete cloned[key];
  }

  return _.merge(...objects);
}

const o2 = sortByValue(o);
console.log(JSON.stringify(o2, null, 2));

const arrayOfObjects = [
{name: 'test'},
{name: 'test2'}
]

const order = ['test2', 'test']

const setOrder = (arrayOfObjects, order) =>
    arrayOfObjects.sort((a, b) => {
        if (order.findIndex((i) => i === a.name) < order.findIndex((i) => i === b.name)) {
            return -1;
        }

        if (order.findIndex((i) => i === a.name) > order.findIndex((i) => i === b.name)) {
            return 1;
        }

        return 0;
    });

Another way to solve this:-

var res = [{"s1":5},{"s2":3},{"s3":8}].sort(function(obj1,obj2){ 
 var prop1;
 var prop2;
 for(prop in obj1) {
  prop1=prop;
 }
 for(prop in obj2) {
  prop2=prop;
 }
 //the above two for loops will iterate only once because we use it to find the key
 return obj1[prop1]-obj2[prop2];
});

//res will have the result array


Thank you and continue answer @Nosredna

Now that we understand object need to be converted to array then sort the array. this is useful for sorting array (or converted object to array) by string:

Object {6: Object, 7: Object, 8: Object, 9: Object, 10: Object, 11: Object, 12: Object}
   6: Object
   id: "6"
   name: "PhD"
   obe_service_type_id: "2"
   __proto__: Object
   7: Object
   id: "7"
   name: "BVC (BPTC)"
   obe_service_type_id: "2"
   __proto__: Object


    //Sort options
    var sortable = [];
    for (var vehicle in options)
    sortable.push([vehicle, options[vehicle]]);
    sortable.sort(function(a, b) {
        return a[1].name < b[1].name ? -1 : 1;
    });


    //sortable => prints  
[Array[2], Array[2], Array[2], Array[2], Array[2], Array[2], Array[2]]
    0: Array[2]
    0: "11"
    1: Object
        id: "11"
        name: "AS/A2"
        obe_service_type_id: "2"
        __proto__: Object
        length: 2
        __proto__: Array[0]
    1: Array[2]
    0: "7"
    1: Object
        id: "7"
        name: "BVC (BPTC)"
        obe_service_type_id: "2"
        __proto__: Object
        length: 2

Try this. Even your object is not having the property based on which you are trying to sort also will get handled.

Just call it by sending property with object.

var sortObjectByProperty = function(property,object){

    console.time("Sorting");
    var  sortedList      = [];
         emptyProperty   = [];
         tempObject      = [];
         nullProperty    = [];
    $.each(object,function(index,entry){
        if(entry.hasOwnProperty(property)){
            var propertyValue = entry[property];
            if(propertyValue!="" && propertyValue!=null){
              sortedList.push({key:propertyValue.toLowerCase().trim(),value:entry});  
            }else{
                emptyProperty.push(entry);
           }
        }else{
            nullProperty.push(entry);
        }
    });

      sortedList.sort(function(a,b){
           return a.key < b.key ? -1 : 1;
         //return a.key < b.key?-1:1;   // Asc 
         //return a.key < b.key?1:-1;  // Desc
      });


    $.each(sortedList,function(key,entry){
        tempObject[tempObject.length] = entry.value;
     });

    if(emptyProperty.length>0){
        tempObject.concat(emptyProperty);
    }
    if(nullProperty.length>0){
        tempObject.concat(nullProperty);
    }
    console.timeEnd("Sorting");
    return tempObject;
}

I made a plugin just for this, it accepts 1 arg which is an unsorted object, and returns an object which has been sorted by prop value. This will work on all 2 dimensional objects such as {"Nick": 28, "Bob": 52}...

var sloppyObj = {
    'C': 78,
    'A': 3,
    'B': 4
};

// Extend object to support sort method
function sortObj(obj) {
    "use strict";

    function Obj2Array(obj) {
        var newObj = [];
        for (var key in obj) {
            if (!obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) return;
            var value = [key, obj[key]];
            newObj.push(value);
        }
        return newObj;
    }

    var sortedArray = Obj2Array(obj).sort(function(a, b) {
        if (a[1] < b[1]) return -1;
        if (a[1] > b[1]) return 1;
        return 0;
    });

    function recreateSortedObject(targ) {
        var sortedObj = {};
        for (var i = 0; i < targ.length; i++) {
            sortedObj[targ[i][0]] = targ[i][1];
        }
        return sortedObj;
    }
    return recreateSortedObject(sortedArray);
}

var sortedObj = sortObj(sloppyObj);

alert(JSON.stringify(sortedObj));

Here is a demo of the function working as expected http://codepen.io/nicholasabrams/pen/RWRqve?editors=001


Using query-js you can do it like this

list.keys().select(function(k){
    return {
        key: k,
        value : list[k]
    }
}).orderBy(function(e){ return e.value;});

You can find an introductory article on query-js here


Couln't find answer above that would both work and be SMALL, and would support nested objects (not arrays), so I wrote my own one :) Works both with strings and ints.

  function sortObjectProperties(obj, sortValue){
      var keysSorted = Object.keys(obj).sort(function(a,b){return obj[a][sortValue]-obj[b][sortValue]});
      var objSorted = {};
      for(var i = 0; i < keysSorted.length; i++){
          objSorted[keysSorted[i]] = obj[keysSorted[i]];
      }
      return objSorted;
    }

Usage:

    /* sample object with unsorder properties, that we want to sort by 
    their "customValue" property */

    var objUnsorted = {
       prop1 : {
          customValue : 'ZZ'
       },
       prop2 : {
          customValue : 'AA'
       }
    }

    // call the function, passing object and property with it should be sorted out
    var objSorted = sortObjectProperties(objUnsorted, 'customValue');

    // now console.log(objSorted) will return:
    { 
       prop2 : {
          customValue : 'AA'
       },
       prop1 : {
          customValue : 'ZZ'
       } 
    }

let toSort = {a:2323, b: 14, c: 799} 
let sorted = Object.entries(toSort ).sort((a,b)=> a[1]-b[1]) 

Output:

[ [ "b", 14 ], [ "c", 799 ], [ "a", 2323 ] ]

my solution with sort :

let list = {
    "you": 100, 
    "me": 75, 
    "foo": 116, 
    "bar": 15
};

let sorted = Object.entries(list).sort((a,b) => a[1] - b[1]);

for(let element of sorted) {
    console.log(element[0]+ ": " + element[1]);
}

<pre>
function sortObjectByVal(obj){  
var keysSorted = Object.keys(obj).sort(function(a,b){return obj[b]-obj[a]});
var newObj = {};
for(var x of keysSorted){
    newObj[x] = obj[x];
}
return newObj;

}
var list = {"you": 100, "me": 75, "foo": 116, "bar": 15};
console.log(sortObjectByVal(list));
</pre>

here is the way to get sort the object and get sorted object in return

let sortedObject = {}
sortedObject = Object.keys(yourObject).sort((a, b) => {
                        return yourObject[a] - yourObject[b] 
                    }).reduce((prev, curr, i) => {
                        prev[i] = yourObject[curr]
                        return prev
                    }, {});

you can customise your sorting function as per your requirement


There are many ways to do this, but since I didn't see any using reduce() I put it here. Maybe it seems utils to someone.

var list = {
    "you": 100,
    "me": 75,
    "foo": 116,
    "bar": 15
};

let result = Object.keys(list).sort((a,b)=>list[a]>list[b]?1:-1).reduce((a,b)=> {a[b]=list[b]; return a},{});

console.log(result);


To find frequency of each element and sort it by frequency/values.

let response = ["apple", "orange", "apple", "banana", "orange", "banana", "banana"];
let frequency = {};
response.forEach(function(item) {
  frequency[item] = frequency[item] ? frequency[item] + 1 : 1;
});
console.log(frequency);
let intents = Object.entries(frequency)
  .sort((a, b) => b[1] - a[1])
  .map(function(x) {
    return x[0];
  });
console.log(intents);

Outputs:

{ apple: 2, orange: 2, banana: 3 }
[ 'banana', 'apple', 'orange' ]