Getting the ID of the element that fired an event


Is there any way to get the ID of the element that fires an event?

I'm thinking something like:

<html>
  <head>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="starterkit/jquery.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
      $(document).ready(function () {
        $("a").click(function () {
          var test = caller.id;
          alert(test.val());
        });
      });
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form class="item" id="aaa">
      <input class="title"></input>
    </form>
    <form class="item" id="bbb">
      <input class="title"></input>
    </form>
  </body>

</html>

Except of course that the var test should contain the id "aaa", if the event is fired from the first form, and "bbb", if the event is fired from the second form.

In jQuery event.target always refers to the element that triggered the event, where event is the parameter passed to the function. http://api.jquery.com/category/events/event-object/

$(document).ready(function() {
    $("a").click(function(event) {
        alert(event.target.id);
    });
});

Note also that this will also work, but that it is not a jQuery object, so if you wish to use a jQuery function on it then you must refer to it as $(this), e.g.:

$(document).ready(function() {
    $("a").click(function(event) {
        // this.append wouldn't work
        $(this).append(" Clicked");
    });
});

For reference, try this! It works!

jQuery("classNameofDiv").click(function() {
    var contentPanelId = jQuery(this).attr("id");
    alert(contentPanelId);
});

Though it is mentioned in other posts, I wanted to spell this out:

$(event.target).id is undefined

$(event.target)[0].id gives the id attribute.

event.target.id also gives the id attribute.

this.id gives the id attribute.

and

$(this).id is undefined.

The differences, of course, is between jQuery objects and DOM objects. "id" is a DOM property so you have to be on the DOM element object to use it.

(It tripped me up, so it probably tripped up someone else)


For all events, not limited to just jQuery you can use

var target = event.target || event.srcElement;
var id = target.id

Where event.target fails it falls back on event.srcElement for IE. To clarify the above code does not require jQuery but also works with jQuery.


You can use (this) to reference the object that fired the function.

'this' is a DOM element when you are inside of a callback function (in the context of jQuery), for example, being called by the click, each, bind, etc. methods.

Here is where you can learn more: http://remysharp.com/2007/04/12/jquerys-this-demystified/


I generate a table dynamically out a database, receive the data in JSON and put it into a table. Every table row got a unique ID, which is needed for further actions, so, if the DOM is altered you need a different approach:

$("table").delegate("tr", "click", function() {
   var id=$(this).attr('id');
   alert("ID:"+id);  
});

Element which fired event we have in event property

event.currentTarget

We get DOM node object on which was set event handler.


Most nested node which started bubbling process we have in

event.target

Event object is always first attribute of event handler, example:

document.querySelector("someSelector").addEventListener(function(event){

 console.log(event.target);
 console.log(event.currentTarget);

});

More about event delegation You can read in http://maciejsikora.com/standard-events-vs-event-delegation/


The source element as a jQuery object should be obtained via

var $el = $(event.target);

This gets you the source of the click, rather than the element that the click function was assigned too. Can be useful when the click event is on a parent object EG.a click event on a table row, and you need the cell that was clicked

$("tr").click(function(event){
    var $td = $(event.target);
});

You can try to use:

$('*').live('click', function() {
 console.log(this.id);
 return false;
});

this works with most types of elements:

$('selector').on('click',function(e){
    log(e.currentTarget.id);
    });

In the case of delegated event handlers, where you might have something like this:

<ul>
    <li data-id="1">
        <span>Item 1</span>
    </li>
    <li data-id="2">
        <span>Item 2</span>
    </li>
    <li data-id="3">
        <span>Item 3</span>
    </li>
    <li data-id="4">
        <span>Item 4</span>
    </li>
    <li data-id="5">
        <span>Item 5</span>
    </li>
</ul>

and your JS code like so:

$(document).ready(function() {
    $('ul').on('click li', function(event) {
        var $target = $(event.target),
            itemId = $target.data('id');

        //do something with itemId
    });
});

You'll more than likely find that itemId is undefined, as the content of the LI is wrapped in a <span>, which means the <span> will probably be the event target. You can get around this with a small check, like so:

$(document).ready(function() {
    $('ul').on('click li', function(event) {
        var $target = $(event.target).is('li') ? $(event.target) : $(event.target).closest('li'),
            itemId = $target.data('id');

        //do something with itemId
    });
});

Or, if you prefer to maximize readability (and also avoid unnecessary repetition of jQuery wrapping calls):

$(document).ready(function() {
    $('ul').on('click li', function(event) {
        var $target = $(event.target),
            itemId;

        $target = $target.is('li') ? $target : $target.closest('li');
        itemId = $target.data('id');

        //do something with itemId
    });
});

When using event delegation, the .is() method is invaluable for verifying that your event target (among other things) is actually what you need it to be. Use .closest(selector) to search up the DOM tree, and use .find(selector) (generally coupled with .first(), as in .find(selector).first()) to search down it. You don't need to use .first() when using .closest(), as it only returns the first matching ancestor element, while .find() returns all matching descendants.


Use can Use .on event

  $("table").on("tr", "click", function() {
                    var id=$(this).attr('id');
                    alert("ID:"+id);  
                });

This works on a higher z-index than the event parameter mentioned in above answers:

$("#mydiv li").click(function(){

    ClickedElement = this.id;
    alert(ClickedElement);
});

This way you will always get the id of the (in this example li) element. Also when clicked on a child element of the parent..


var buttons = document.getElementsByTagName('button');
var buttonsLength = buttons.length;
for (var i = 0; i < buttonsLength; i++){
    buttons[i].addEventListener('click', clickResponse, false);
};
function clickResponse(){
    // do something based on button selection here...
    alert(this.id);
}

Working JSFiddle here.


Just use the this reference

$(this).attr("id")

or

$(this).prop("id")

this.element.attr("id") works fine in IE8.


Both of these work,

jQuery(this).attr("id");

and

alert(this.id);

$(".classobj").click(function(e){
    console.log(e.currentTarget.id);
})

You can use the function to get the id and the value for the changed item(in my example, I've used a Select tag.

              $('select').change(
                   function() {
                        var val = this.value;
                        var id = jQuery(this).attr("id");
                        console.log("value changed" + String(val)+String(id));
                   }
               );

I'm working with

jQuery Autocomplete

I tried looking for an event as described above, but when the request function fires it doesn't seem to be available. I used this.element.attr("id") to get the element's ID instead, and it seems to work fine.


In case of Angular 7.x you can get the native element and its id or properties.

myClickHandler($event) {
    this.selectedElement = <Element>$event.target;
    console.log(this.selectedElement.id)
    this.selectedElement.classList.remove('some-class');
}

html:

<div class="list-item" (click)="myClickHandler($event)">...</div>

Pure JS is simpler

aaa.onclick = handler;
bbb.onclick = handler;

function handler() { 
  var test = this.id; 
  console.log(test) 
}

aaa.onclick = handler;
bbb.onclick = handler;

function handler() { 
  var test = this.id; 
  console.log(test) 
}
<form class="item" id="aaa">
  <input class="title"/>
</form>
<form class="item" id="bbb">
  <input class="title"/>
</form>