How to handle floats and decimal separators with html5 input type number


Im building web app which is mainly for mobile browsers. Im using input fields with number type, so (most) mobile browsers invokes only number keyboard for better user experience. This web app is mainly used in regions where decimal separator is comma, not dot, so I need to handle both decimal separators.

How to cover this whole mess with dot and comma?

My findings:

Desktop Chrome

  • Input type=number
  • User enters "4,55" to input field
  • $("#my_input").val(); returns "455"
  • I can not get the correct value from input

Desktop Firefox

  • Input type=number
  • User enters "4,55" to input field
  • $("#my_input").val(); returns "4,55"
  • Thats fine, I can replace comma with dot and get correct float

Android browser

  • Input type=number
  • User enters "4,55" to input field
  • When input loses focus, value is truncated to "4"
  • Confusing to user

Windows Phone 8

  • Input type=number
  • User enters "4,55" to input field
  • $("#my_input").val(); returns "4,55"
  • Thats fine, I can replace comma with dot and get correct float

What are the "best practices" in this kind of situations when user might use comma or dot as decimal separator and I want to keep html input type as number, to provide better user experience?

Can I convert comma to dot "on the fly", binding key events, is it working with number inputs?

EDIT

Currenlty I do not have any solution, how to get float value (as string or number) from input which type is set to number. If enduser enters "4,55", Chrome returns always "455", Firefox returns "4,55" which is fine.

Also it is quite annoying that in Android (tested 4.2 emulator), when I enter "4,55" to input field and change focus to somewhere else, the entered number get truncated to "4".

I think what's missing in the answers above is the need to specify a different value for the step attribute, which has a default value of 1. If you want the input's validation algorithm to allow floating-point values, specify a step accordingly.

For example, I wanted dollar amounts, so I specified a step like this:

 <input type="number" name="price"
           pattern="[0-9]+([\.,][0-9]+)?" step="0.01"
            title="This should be a number with up to 2 decimal places.">

There's nothing wrong with using jQuery to retrieve the value, but you will find it useful to use the DOM API directly to get the elements's validity.valid property.

I had a similar issue with the decimal point, but the reason I realized there was an issue was because of the styling that Twitter Bootstrap adds to a number input with an invalid value.

Here's a fiddle demonstrating that the adding of the step attribute makes it work, and also testing whether the current value is valid:

TL;DR: Set the a step attribute to a floating-point value, because it defaults to 1.

NOTE: The comma doesn't validate for me, but I suspect that if I set my OS language/region settings to somewhere that uses a comma as the decimal separator, it would work. *note in note*: that was not the case for OS language/keyboard settings *German* in Ubuntu/Gnome 14.04.


According to w3.org the value attribute of the number input is defined as a floating-point number. The syntax of the floating-point number seems to only accept dots as decimal separators.

I've listed a few options below that might be helpful to you:

1. Using the pattern attribute

With the pattern attribute you can specify the allowed format with a regular expression in a HTML5 compatible way. Here you could specify that the comma character is allowed and a helpful feedback message if the pattern fails.

<input type="number" pattern="[0-9]+([,\.][0-9]+)?" name="my-num"
           title="The number input must start with a number and use either comma or a dot as a decimal character."/>

Note: Cross-browser support varies a lot. It may be complete, partial or non-existant..

2. JavaScript validation

You could try to bind a simple callback to for example the onchange (and/or blur) event that would either replace the comma or validate all together.

3. Disable browser validation ##

Thirdly you could try to use the formnovalidate attribute on the number inputs with the intention of disabling browser validation for that field all together.

<input type="number" formnovalidate />

4. Combination..?

<input type="number" pattern="[0-9]+([,\.][0-9]+)?" 
           name="my-num" formnovalidate
           title="The number input must start with a number and use either comma or a dot as a decimal character."/>

Whether to use comma or period for the decimal separator is entirely up to the browser. The browser makes it decision based on the locale of the operating system or browser, or some browsers take hints from the website. I made a browser comparison chart showing how different browsers support handle different localization methods. Safari being the only browser that handle commas and periods interchangeably.

Basically, you as a web author cannot really control this. Some work-arounds involves using two input fields with integers. This allows every user to input the data as yo expect. Its not particular sexy, but it will work in every case for all users.


I have not found a perfect solution but the best I could do was to use type="tel" and disable html5 validation (formnovalidate):

<input name="txtTest" type="tel" value="1,200.00" formnovalidate="formnovalidate" />

If the user puts in a comma it will output with the comma in every modern browser i tried (latest FF, IE, edge, opera, chrome, safari desktop, android chrome).

The main problem is:

  • Mobile users will see their phone keyboard which may be different than the number keyboard.
  • Even worse the phone keyboard may not even have a key for a comma.

For my use case I only had to:

  • Display the initial value with a comma (firefox strips it out for type=number)
  • Not fail html5 validation (if there is a comma)
  • Have the field read exactly as input (with a possible comma)

If you have a similar requirement this should work for you.

Note: I did not like the support of the pattern attribute. The formnovalidate seems to work much better.


uses a text type but forces the appearance of the numeric keyboard

<input value="12,4" type="text" inputmode="numeric" pattern="[-+]?[0-9]*[.,]?[0-9]+">

the inputmode tag is the solution


When you call $("#my_input").val(); it returns as string variable. So use parseFloat and parseIntfor converting. When you use parseFloat your desktop or phone ITSELF understands the meaning of variable.

And plus you can convert a float to string by using toFixed which has an argument the count of digits as below:

var i = 0.011;
var ss = i.toFixed(2); //It returns 0.01

My recommendation? Don't use jQuery at all. I had the same problem as you. I found that $('#my_input').val() always return some weird result.

Try to use document.getElementById('my_input').valueAsNumber instead of $("#my_input").val(); and then, use Number(your_value_retrieved) to try to create a Number. If the value is NaN, you know certainly that that's not a number.

One thing to add is when you write a number on the input, the input will actually accept almost any character (I can write the euro sign, a dollar, and all of other special characters), so it is best to retrieve the value using .valueAsNumber instead of using jQuery.

Oh, and BTW, that allows your users to add internationalization (i.e.: support commas instead of dots to create decimal numbers). Just let the Number() object to create something for you and it will be decimal-safe, so to speak.


Sounds like you'd like to use toLocaleString() on your numeric inputs.

See https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Number/toLocaleString for its usage.

Localization of numbers in JS is also covered in Internationalization(Number formatting "num.toLocaleString()") not working for chrome


Use valueAsNumber instead of .val().

input . valueAsNumber [ = value ]

Returns a number representing the form control's value, if applicable; otherwise, returns null.
Can be set, to change the value.
Throws an INVALID_STATE_ERR exception if the control is neither date- or time-based nor numeric.


Appearently Browsers still have troubles (although Chrome and Firefox Nightly do fine). I have a hacky approach for the people that really have to use a number field (maybe because of the little arrows that text fields dont have).

My Solution

I added a keyup event Handler to the form input and tracked the state and set the value once it comes valid again.

Pure JS Snippet JSFIDDLE

var currentString = '';
var badState = false;
var lastCharacter = null;

document.getElementById("field").addEventListener("keyup",($event) => {
  if ($event.target.value && !$event.target.validity.badInput) {
          currentString = $event.target.value;
  } else if ($event.target.validity.badInput) {
    if (badState && lastCharacter && lastCharacter.match(/[\.,]/) && !isNaN(+$event.key)) {
      $event.target.value = ((+currentString) + (+$event.key / 10));
      badState = false;
    } else {
      badState = true;
    }
  }
  document.getElementById("number").textContent = $event.target.value;
  lastCharacter = $event.key;
});

document.getElementById("field").addEventListener("blur",($event) => {
	if (badState) {
    $event.target.value = (+currentString);
    badState = false;
		document.getElementById("number").textContent = $event.target.value;
  }
});
#result{
  padding: 10px;
  background-color: orange;
  font-size: 25px;
  width: 400px;
  margin-top: 10px;
  display: inline-block;
}

#field{
  padding: 5px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border: 1px solid grey;
  width: 400px;
}
<input type="number" id="field" keyup="keyUpFunction" step="0.01" placeholder="Field for both comma separators">

<span id="result" >
 <span >Current value: </span>
 <span id="number"></span>
</span>

Angular 9 Snippet

@Directive({
  selector: '[appFloatHelper]'
})
export class FloatHelperDirective {
  private currentString = '';
  private badState = false;
  private lastCharacter: string = null;

  @HostListener("blur", ['$event']) onBlur(event) {
    if (this.badState) {
      this.model.update.emit((+this.currentString));
      this.badState = false;
    }
  }

  constructor(private renderer: Renderer2, private el: ElementRef, private change: ChangeDetectorRef, private zone: NgZone, private model: NgModel) {
    this.renderer.listen(this.el.nativeElement, 'keyup', (e: KeyboardEvent) => {
      if (el.nativeElement.value && !el.nativeElement.validity.badInput) {
        this.currentString = el.nativeElement.value;
      } else if (el.nativeElement.validity.badInput) {
        if (this.badState && this.lastCharacter && this.lastCharacter.match(/[\.,]/) && !isNaN(+e.key)) {
          model.update.emit((+this.currentString) + (+e.key / 10));
          el.nativeElement.value = (+this.currentString) + (+e.key / 10);
          this.badState = false;
        } else {
          this.badState = true;
        }
      }       
      this.lastCharacter = e.key;
    });
  }
  
}
<input type="number" matInput placeholder="Field for both comma separators" appFloatHelper [(ngModel)]="numberModel">


Appearently Browsers still have troubles (although Chrome and Firefox Nightly do fine). I have a hacky approach for the people that really have to use a number field (maybe because of the little arrows that text fields dont have).

My Solution

I added a keyup event Handler to the form input and tracked the state and set the value once it comes valid again.

Pure JS Snippet JSFIDDLE

var currentString = '';
var badState = false;
var lastCharacter = null;

document.getElementById("field").addEventListener("keyup",($event) => {
  if ($event.target.value && !$event.target.validity.badInput) {
          currentString = $event.target.value;
  } else if ($event.target.validity.badInput) {
    if (badState && lastCharacter && lastCharacter.match(/[\.,]/) && !isNaN(+$event.key)) {
      $event.target.value = ((+currentString) + (+$event.key / 10));
      badState = false;
    } else {
      badState = true;
    }
  }
  document.getElementById("number").textContent = $event.target.value;
  lastCharacter = $event.key;
});

document.getElementById("field").addEventListener("blur",($event) => {
	if (badState) {
    $event.target.value = (+currentString);
    badState = false;
		document.getElementById("number").textContent = $event.target.value;
  }
});
#result{
  padding: 10px;
  background-color: orange;
  font-size: 25px;
  width: 400px;
  margin-top: 10px;
  display: inline-block;
}

#field{
  padding: 5px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  border: 1px solid grey;
  width: 400px;
}
<input type="number" id="field" keyup="keyUpFunction" step="0.01" placeholder="Field for both comma separators">

<span id="result" >
 <span >Current value: </span>
 <span id="number"></span>
</span>

Angular 9 Snippet

@Directive({
  selector: '[appFloatHelper]'
})
export class FloatHelperDirective {
  private currentString = '';
  private badState = false;
  private lastCharacter: string = null;

  @HostListener("blur", ['$event']) onBlur(event) {
    if (this.badState) {
      this.model.update.emit((+this.currentString));
      this.badState = false;
    }
  }

  constructor(private renderer: Renderer2, private el: ElementRef, private change: ChangeDetectorRef, private zone: NgZone, private model: NgModel) {
    this.renderer.listen(this.el.nativeElement, 'keyup', (e: KeyboardEvent) => {
      if (el.nativeElement.value && !el.nativeElement.validity.badInput) {
        this.currentString = el.nativeElement.value;
      } else if (el.nativeElement.validity.badInput) {
        if (this.badState && this.lastCharacter && this.lastCharacter.match(/[\.,]/) && !isNaN(+e.key)) {
          model.update.emit((+this.currentString) + (+e.key / 10));
          el.nativeElement.value = (+this.currentString) + (+e.key / 10);
          this.badState = false;
        } else {
          this.badState = true;
        }
      }       
      this.lastCharacter = e.key;
    });
  }
  
}
<input type="number" matInput placeholder="Field for both comma separators" appFloatHelper [(ngModel)]="numberModel">