How to exclude one particular field from a collection in Mongoose?


I have a NodeJS application with Mongoose ODM(Mongoose 3.3.1). I want to retrieve all fields except 1 from my collection.For Example: I have a collection Product Which have 6 fields,I want to select all except a field "Image" . I used "exclude" method, but got error.. This was my code.

    var Query = models.Product.find();
    Query.exclude('title Image');

    if (req.params.id) {
        Query.where('_id', req.params.id);
    }


    Query.exec(function (err, product) {
        if (!err) {
            return res.send({ 'statusCode': 200, 'statusText': 'OK', 'data': product });
        } else {
            return res.send(500);
        }
    });

But this returns error

Express
500 TypeError: Object #<Query> has no method 'exclude'.........

Also I tried, var Query = models.Product.find().exclude('title','Image'); and var Query = models.Product.find({}).exclude('title','Image'); But getting the same error. How to exclude one/(two) particular fields from a collection in Mongoose.

Use query.select for field selection in the current (3.x) Mongoose builds.

Prefix a field name you want to exclude with a -; so in your case:

Query.select('-Image');

Quick aside: in JavaScript, variables starting with a capital letter should be reserved for constructor functions. So consider renaming Query as query in your code.


I don't know where you read about that .exclude function, because I can't find it in any documentation.

But you can exclude fields by using the second parameter of the find method.

Here is an example from the official documentation:

db.inventory.find( { type: 'food' }, { type:0 } )

This operation returns all documents where the value of the type field is food, but does not include the type field in the output.


Model.findOne({ _id: Your Id}, { password: 0, name: 0 }, function(err, user){
  // put your code
});

this code worked in my project. Thanks!! have a nice day.


You could do this

const products = await Product.find().select(['-image'])

In the updated version of Mongoose you can use it in this way as below to get selected fields.

user.findById({_id: req.body.id}, 'username phno address').then(response => {
  res.status(200).json({
    result: true,
    details: response
  });
}).catch(err => {
  res.status(500).json({ result: false });
});

I am use this with async await

async (req, res) => {
      try { 
        await User.findById(req.user,'name email',(err, user) => {
          if(err || !user){
            return res.status(404)
          } else {
            return res.status(200).json({
              user,
            });
          }
        });
      } catch (error) {
        console.log(error);
      }