Download PDF from http response with Axios


I am working on a Vue application with a Laravel back-end API. After clicking on a link I would like to do a call to the server to download a certain file (most of the time a PDF file). When I do a get request with axios I get a PDF in return, in the body of the response. I would like to download that file directly.

To give you a better view of how the response is looking like:

enter image description here (note: I know a real text response is better than an image but I don't see any way to return that because of the length of the actual PDF content..)

Is there any way of downloading that file with JavaScript or something? It has to be specific a direct download without clicking on the button again.

Code

// This method gets called when clicking on a link
downloadFile(id) {
    const specificationId = this.$route.params.specificationId;

    axios
        .get(`${this.$API_URL}/api/v1/suppliersmanagement/product-specifications/${specificationId}/fileupload/${id}/download`, {
            headers: this.headers,
        })
        .then(response => {
            console.log(response);
            // Direct download the file here..
        })
        .catch(error => console.log(error));
},

As @Sandip Nirmal suggested I've used downloadjs and that worked out pretty good! Had to make a few adjustments to my code but in the end it worked out.

My new code

// npm i downloadjs
import download from 'downloadjs'

// method
downloadFile(file) {
    const specificationId = this.$route.params.specificationId;

    axios
        .get(`${this.$API_URL}/api/v1/suppliersmanagement/product-specifications/${specificationId}/fileupload/${file.id}/download`, {
            headers: this.headers,
            responseType: 'blob', // had to add this one here
        })
        .then(response => {
           const content = response.headers['content-type'];
           download(response.data, file.file_name, content)
        })
        .catch(error => console.log(error));
},

You have 2 options for this. If you want to do it from server and if you are using Node.js as a backend. You can do it easily using res.download method of express. You can follow this answer for that Download a file from NodeJS Server using Express.

But if you want to handle it from client then there are few options since you can't use axios, XHR, fetch to download file directly. You can either use download.js or write your own code in following way.

return axios({
    url: '/download', // download url
    method: 'get'
    headers: {
      Accept: 'application/json',
      'Content-Type': 'application/json',
      mode: 'no-cors'
    }
  })
    .then(response => response.blob())
    .then(blob => {
      var url = window.URL.createObjectURL(blob)
      var a = document.createElement('a')
      a.href = url
      a.download = fileName
      a.click()
      a.remove()
      setTimeout(() => window.URL.revokeObjectURL(url), 100)
    })

Since response returned from server is in json format you need to convert it into ObjectURL and set it to anchor tag.

If you sneak inside download.js code you will find same implementation.


You can do it like this

download(filename) {
  fetch(url , { headers })
  .then(response => response.blob())
  .then(blob => URL.createObjectURL(blob))
  .then(uril => {
    var link = document.createElement("a");
    link.href = uril;
    link.download = filename + ".csv";
    document.body.appendChild(link);
    link.click();
    document.body.removeChild(link);
  });
}

here I want to download a CSV file, So I add .csv to the filename.