How do I remove documents using Node.js Mongoose?

    id: 333
}, function (err, docs) {
    docs.remove(); //Remove all the documents that match!

The above doesn't seem to work. The records are still there.

Can someone fix?

If you don't feel like iterating, try FBFriendModel.find({ id:333 }).remove( callback ); or FBFriendModel.find({ id:333 }).remove().exec();

mongoose.model.find returns a Query, which has a remove function.

Update for Mongoose v5.5.3 - remove() is now deprecated. Use deleteOne(), deleteMany() or findOneAndDelete() instead.

UPDATE: Mongoose version (5.5.3)

remove() is deprecated and you can use deleteOne(), deleteMany(), or bulkWrite() instead.

As of "mongoose": ">=2.7.1" you can remove the document directly with the .remove() method rather than finding the document and then removing it which seems to me more efficient and easy to maintain.

See example:

Model.remove({ _id: }, function(err) {
    if (!err) {
            message.type = 'notification!';
    else {
            message.type = 'error';


As of mongoose 3.8.1, there are several methods that lets you remove directly a document, say:

  • remove
  • findByIdAndRemove
  • findOneAndRemove

Refer to mongoose API docs for further information.

docs is an array of documents. so it doesn't have a mongooseModel.remove() method.

You can iterate and remove each document in the array separately.

Or - since it looks like you are finding the documents by a (probably) unique id - use findOne instead of find.

This for me is the best as of version 3.8.1:

MyModel.findOneAndRemove({field: 'newValue'}, function(err){...});

And it requires only one DB call. Use this given that you don't perform any remove actions pior to the search and removal.

Simply do


mongoose.model.find() returns a Query Object which also has a remove() function.

You can use mongoose.model.findOne() as well, if you want to remove only one unique document.

Else you can follow traditional approach as well where you first retrieving the document and then remove.

yourModelObj.findById(id, function (err, doc) {
    if (err) {
        // handle error

    doc.remove(callback); //Removes the document

Following are the ways on model object you can do any of the following to remove document(s):

yourModelObj.findOneAndRemove(conditions, options, callback)

yourModelObj.findByIdAndRemove(id, options, callback)

yourModelObj.remove(conditions, callback);

var query = Comment.remove({ _id: id });

remove() has been deprecated. Use deleteOne(), deleteMany() or bulkWrite().

The code I use

TeleBot.deleteMany({chatID: chatID}, function (err, _) {
                if (err) {
                    return console.log(err);

To generalize you can use:

SomeModel.find( $where, function(err,docs){
  if (err) return console.log(err);
  if (!docs || !Array.isArray(docs) || docs.length === 0) 
    return console.log('no docs found');
  docs.forEach( function (doc) {

Another way to achieve this is:

SomeModel.collection.remove( function (err) {
  if (err) throw err;
  // collection is now empty but not deleted

Be careful with findOne and remove!

  User.findOne({name: 'Alice'}).remove().exec();

The code above removes ALL users named 'Alice' instead of the first one only.

By the way, I prefer to remove documents like this:


Or provide a callback and omit the exec()

  User.remove({...}, callback);

model.remove({title:'danish'}, function(err){
    if(err) throw err;


.remove() works like .find():

MyModel.remove({search: criteria}, function() {
    // removed.

I prefer the promise notation, where you need e.g.

    .then( doc => .... )

For removing document, I prefer using Model.remove(conditions, [callback])

Please refer API documentation for remove :-

For this case, code will be:-

FBFriendModel.remove({ id : 333 }, function(err, callback){
console.log(‘Do Stuff’);

If you want to remove documents without waiting for a response from MongoDB, do not pass a callback, then you need to call exec on the returned Query

var removeQuery = FBFriendModel.remove({id : 333 });

You can just use the query directly within the remove function, so:

FBFriendModel.remove({ id: 333}, function(err){});

You can always use Mongoose built-in function:

var id = req.params.friendId; //here you pass the id
   .then(function(doc) {
       return doc;
    }).catch(function(error) {
       throw error;

Update: .remove() is depreciated but this still works for older versions

}, function(err, _) {
    if (err) return res.send(err)
        message: `deleted ${ }`

using remove() method you can able to remove.

        return this.sessionModel
        .remove({session_id: data.sid})
        .then(data =>{
            return "signup successfully"

As per Samyak Jain's Answer, i use Async Await

let isDelete = await MODEL_NAME.deleteMany({_id:'YOUR_ID', name:'YOUR_NAME'});

  justOne: <boolean>,
  writeConcern: <document>

If you are looking for only one object to be removed, you can use

Person.findOne({_id:}, function (error, person){
        console.log("This object will get deleted " + person);


In this example, Mongoose will delete based on matching

This worked for me, just try this:

const id =;
      .remove({_id: id})
      .then(result => {
          message: 'deleted',
          request: {
            type: 'POST',
            url: 'http://localhost:3000/yourroutes/'
      .catch(err => {
          error: err

I really like this pattern in async/await capable Express/Mongoose apps:

app.delete('/:idToDelete', asyncHandler(async (req, res) => {
  const deletedItem = await YourModel
    .findByIdAndDelete(req.params.idToDelete) // This method is the nice method for deleting
    .catch(err => res.status(400).send(err.message))