There are two different notations to access object properties
- Dot notation: myObj.prop1
- Bracket notation: myObj["prop1"]
Dot notation is fast and easy but you must use the actual property name explicitly. No substitution, variables, etc.
Bracket notation is open ended. It uses a string but you can produce the string using any legal js code. You may specify the string as literal (though in this case dot notation would read easier) or use a variable or calculate in some way.
So, these all set the myObj property named prop1 to the value Hello:
// quick easy-on-the-eye dot notation
myObj.prop1 = "Hello";
myObj["prop1"] = "Hello";
// using a variable
var x = "prop1";
myObj[x] = "Hello";
// calculate the accessor string in some weird way
var numList = [0,1,2];
myObj[ "prop" + numList ] = "Hello";
myObj.[xxxx] = "Hello"; // wrong: mixed notations, syntax fail
myObj[prop1] = "Hello"; // wrong: this expects a variable called prop1
tl;dnr: If you want to compute or reference the key you must use bracket notation. If you are using the key explicitly, then use dot notation for simple clear code.
Note: there are some other good and correct answers but I personally found them a bit brief coming from a low familiarity with JS on-the-fly quirkiness. This might be useful to some people.