looping through an object (tree) recursively


Is there a way (in jQuery or JavaScript) to loop through each object and it's children and grandchildren and so on?

If so... can I also read their name?

Example:

foo :{
  bar:'',
  child:{
    grand:{
      greatgrand: {
        //and so on
      }
    }
  }
}

so the loop should do something like this...

loop start
   if(nameof == 'child'){
     //do something
   }
   if(nameof == 'bar'){
     //do something
   }
   if(nameof =='grand'){
     //do something
   }
loop end

You're looking for the for...in loop:

for (var key in foo)
{
    if (key == "child")
        // do something...
} 

Be aware that for...in loops will iterate over any enumerable properties, including those that are added to the prototype of an object. To avoid acting on these properties, you can use the hasOwnProperty method to check to see if the property belongs only to that object:

for (var key in foo)
{
    if (!foo.hasOwnProperty(key))
        continue;       // skip this property
    if (key == "child")
        // do something...
}

Performing the loop recursively can be as simple as writing a recursive function:

// This function handles arrays and objects
function eachRecursive(obj)
{
    for (var k in obj)
    {
        if (typeof obj[k] == "object" && obj[k] !== null)
            eachRecursive(obj[k]);
        else
            // do something... 
    }
}

If you want to get back a tree of relationships you can use Object.keys recursively.

function paths(item) {
  function iter(r, p) {
    var keys = Object.keys(r);
    if (keys.length) {
      return keys.forEach(x => iter(r[x], p.concat(x)));
    }
    result.push([p])
  }
  var result = [];
  iter(item, []);
  return result;
}

var data = {
  foo: {
    bar: '',
    child: {
      grand: {
        greatgrand: {}
      }
    }
  }
}

console.log(paths(data));


You can have a recursive function with a parse function built within it.

function parseObjectProperties (obj, parse) {
  for (var k in obj) {
    if (typeof obj[k] === 'object' && obj[k] !== null) {
      parseObjectProperties(obj[k], parse)
    } else if (obj.hasOwnProperty(k)) {
      parse(obj[k])
    }
  }
}

I use the foo object of the OP, here how it works

var foo = {
  bar:'a',
  child:{
    b: 'b',
    grand:{
      greatgrand: {
        c:'c'
      }
    }
  }
}

// use this recursive function with a parse funciton
function parseObjectProperties (obj, parse) {
  for (var k in obj) {
    if (typeof obj[k] === 'object' && obj[k] !== null) {
      parseObjectProperties(obj[k], parse)
    } else if (obj.hasOwnProperty(k)) {
      parse(obj[k])
    }
  }
}
//***

// then apply to the property the task you want, in this case just console
parseObjectProperties(foo, function(prop) {
  console.log(prop)
})