Find object by id in an array of JavaScript objects


I've got an array:

myArray = [{'id':'73','foo':'bar'},{'id':'45','foo':'bar'}, etc.]

I'm unable to change the structure of the array. I'm being passed an id of 45, and I want to get 'bar' for that object in the array.

How do I do this in JavaScript or using jQuery?

Use the find() method:

myArray.find(x => x.id === '45').foo;

From MDN:

The find() method returns the first value in the array, if an element in the array satisfies the provided testing function. Otherwise undefined is returned.


If you want to find its index instead, use findIndex():

myArray.findIndex(x => x.id === '45');

From MDN:

The findIndex() method returns the index of the first element in the array that satisfies the provided testing function. Otherwise -1 is returned.


If you want to get an array of matching elements, use the filter() method instead:

myArray.filter(x => x.id === '45');

This will return an array of objects. If you want to get an array of foo properties, you can do this with the map() method:

myArray.filter(x => x.id === '45').map(x => x.foo);

Side note: methods like find() or filter(), and arrow functions are not supported by older browsers (like IE), so if you want to support these browsers, you should transpile your code using Babel (with the polyfill).


As you are already using jQuery, you can use the grep function which is intended for searching an array:

var result = $.grep(myArray, function(e){ return e.id == id; });

The result is an array with the items found. If you know that the object is always there and that it only occurs once, you can just use result[0].foo to get the value. Otherwise you should check the length of the resulting array. Example:

if (result.length === 0) {
  // no result found
} else if (result.length === 1) {
  // property found, access the foo property using result[0].foo
} else {
  // multiple items found
}

Another solution is to create a lookup object:

var lookup = {};
for (var i = 0, len = array.length; i < len; i++) {
    lookup[array[i].id] = array[i];
}

... now you can use lookup[id]...

This is especially interesting if you need to do many lookups.

This won't need much more memory since the IDs and objects will be shared.


ECMAScript 2015 provides the find() method on arrays:

var myArray = [
 {id:1, name:"bob"},
 {id:2, name:"dan"},
 {id:3, name:"barb"},
]

// grab the Array item which matchs the id "2"
var item = myArray.find(item => item.id === 2);

// print
console.log(item.name);

It works without external libraries. But if you want older browser support you might want to include this polyfill.


Underscore.js has a nice method for that:

myArray = [{'id':'73','foo':'bar'},{'id':'45','foo':'bar'},etc.]
obj = _.find(myArray, function(obj) { return obj.id == '45' })

I think the easiest way would be the following, but it won't work on Internet Explorer 8 (or earlier):

var result = myArray.filter(function(v) {
    return v.id === '45'; // Filter out the appropriate one
})[0].foo; // Get result and access the foo property

Try the following

function findById(source, id) {
  for (var i = 0; i < source.length; i++) {
    if (source[i].id === id) {
      return source[i];
    }
  }
  throw "Couldn't find object with id: " + id;
}

myArray.filter(function(a){ return a.id == some_id_you_want })[0]

A generic and more flexible version of the findById function above:

// array = [{key:value},{key:value}]
function objectFindByKey(array, key, value) {
    for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
        if (array[i][key] === value) {
            return array[i];
        }
    }
    return null;
}

var array = [{'id':'73','foo':'bar'},{'id':'45','foo':'bar'}];
var result_obj = objectFindByKey(array, 'id', '45');

You can get this easily using the map() function:

myArray = [{'id':'73','foo':'bar'},{'id':'45','foo':'bar'}];

var found = $.map(myArray, function(val) {
    return val.id == 45 ? val.foo : null;
});

//found[0] == "bar";

Working example: http://jsfiddle.net/hunter/Pxaua/


You can use filters,

  function getById(id, myArray) {
    return myArray.filter(function(obj) {
      if(obj.id == id) {
        return obj 
      }
    })[0]
  }

get_my_obj = getById(73, myArray);

While there are many correct answers here, many of them do not address the fact that this is an unnecessarily expensive operation if done more than once. In an extreme case this could be the cause of real performance problems.

In the real world, if you are processing a lot of items and performance is a concern it's much faster to initially build a lookup:

var items = [{'id':'73','foo':'bar'},{'id':'45','foo':'bar'}];

var lookup = items.reduce((o,i)=>o[i.id]=o,{});

you can then get at items in fixed time like this :

var bar = o[id];

You might also consider using a Map instead of an object as the lookup: https://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Map


Using native Array.reduce

var array = [ {'id':'73' ,'foo':'bar'} , {'id':'45' ,'foo':'bar'} , ];
var id = 73;
var found = array.reduce(function(a, b){
    return (a.id==id && a) || (b.id == id && b)
});

returns the object element if found, otherwise false


Here's how I'd go about it in pure JavaScript, in the most minimal manner I can think of that works in ECMAScript 3 or later. It returns as soon as a match is found.

var getKeyValueById = function(array, key, id) {
    var testArray = array.slice(), test;
    while(test = testArray.pop()) {
        if (test.id === id) {
            return test[key];
        }
    }
    // return undefined if no matching id is found in array
    return;
}

var myArray = [{'id':'73', 'foo':'bar'}, {'id':'45', 'foo':'bar'}]
var result = getKeyValueById(myArray, 'foo', '45');

// result is 'bar', obtained from object with id of '45'

If you do this multiple times, you may set up a Map (ES6):

const map = new Map( myArray.map(el => [el.id, el]) );

Then you can simply do:

map.get(27).foo

More generic and short

function findFromArray(array,key,value) {
        return array.filter(function (element) {
            return element[key] == value;
        }).shift();
}

in your case Ex. var element = findFromArray(myArray,'id',45) that will give you the whole element.


You may try out Sugarjs from http://sugarjs.com/.

It has a very sweet method on Arrays, .find. So you can find an element like this:

array.find( {id: 75} );

You may also pass an object with more properties to it to add another "where-clause".

Note that Sugarjs extends native objects, and some people consider this very evil...


Building on the accepted answer:

jQuery:

var foo = $.grep(myArray, function(e){ return e.id === foo_id})
myArray.pop(foo)

Or CoffeeScript:

foo = $.grep myArray, (e) -> e.id == foo_id
myArray.pop foo

Iterate over any item in the array. For every item you visit, check that item's id. If it's a match, return it.

If you just want teh codez:

function getId(array, id) {
    for (var i = 0, len = array.length; i < len; i++) {
        if (array[i].id === id) {
            return array[i];
        }
    }
    return null; // Nothing found
}

And the same thing using ECMAScript 5's Array methods:

function getId(array, id) {
    var obj = array.filter(function (val) {
        return val.id === id;
    });

    // Filter returns an array, and we just want the matching item.
    return obj[0];
}

As long as the browser supports ECMA-262, 5th edition (December 2009), this should work, almost one-liner:

var bFound = myArray.some(function (obj) {
    return obj.id === 45;
});

You can do this even in pure JavaScript by using the in built "filter" function for arrays:

Array.prototype.filterObjects = function(key, value) {
    return this.filter(function(x) { return x[key] === value; })
}

So now simply pass "id" in place of key and "45" in place of value, and you will get the full object matching an id of 45. So that would be,

myArr.filterObjects("id", "45");

Use Array.prototype.filter() function.

DEMO: https://jsfiddle.net/sumitridhal/r0cz0w5o/4/

JSON

var jsonObj =[
 {
  "name": "Me",
  "info": {
   "age": "15",
   "favColor": "Green",
   "pets": true
  }
 },
 {
  "name": "Alex",
  "info": {
   "age": "16",
   "favColor": "orange",
   "pets": false
  }
 },
{
  "name": "Kyle",
  "info": {
   "age": "15",
   "favColor": "Blue",
   "pets": false
  }
 }
];

FILTER

var getPerson = function(name){
    return jsonObj.filter(function(obj) {
      return obj.name === name;
    });
}

Recently, I have to face the same thing in which I need to search the string from a huge array.

After some search I found It'll be easy to handle with simple code:

Code:

var items = mydata.filter(function(item){
    return item.word.toLowerCase().startsWith( 'gk );
})

See https://jsfiddle.net/maheshwaghmare/cfx3p40v/4/

Serach from 20k strings


I really liked the answer provided by Aaron Digulla but needed to keep my array of objects so I could iterate through it later. So I modified it to

	var indexer = {};
	for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
	    indexer[array[i].id] = parseInt(i);
	}
	
	//Then you can access object properties in your array using 
	array[indexer[id]].property


We can use Jquery methods $.each()/$.grep()

var data= [];
$.each(array,function(i){if(n !== 5 && i > 4){data.push(item)}}

or

var data = $.grep(array, function( n, i ) {
  return ( n !== 5 && i > 4 );
});

use ES6 syntax:

Array.find, Array.filter, Array.forEach, Array.map

Or use Lodash https://lodash.com/docs/4.17.10#filter, Underscore https://underscorejs.org/#filter


Use:

var retObj ={};
$.each(ArrayOfObjects, function (index, obj) {

        if (obj.id === '5') { // id.toString() if it is int

            retObj = obj;
            return false;
        }
    });
return retObj;

It should return an object by id.


This solution may helpful as well:

Array.prototype.grep = function (key, value) {
    var that = this, ret = [];
    this.forEach(function (elem, index) {
        if (elem[key] === value) {
            ret.push(that[index]);
        }
    });
    return ret.length < 2 ? ret[0] : ret;
};
var bar = myArray.grep("id","45");

I made it just like $.grep and if one object is find out, function will return the object, rather than an array.


Starting from aggaton's answer, this is a function that actually returns the wanted element (or null if not found), given the array and a callback function that returns a truthy value for the "correct" element:

function findElement(array, callback) {
    var elem;
    return array.some(function(e) {
        if (callback(e)) {
            elem = e;
            return true;
        }
    }) ? elem : null;
});

Just remember that this doesn't natively work on IE8-, as it doesn't support some. A polyfill can be provided, alternatively there's always the classic for loop:

function findElement(array, callback) {
    for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i++)
        if (callback(array[i])) return array[i];
    return null;
});

It's actually faster and more compact. But if you don't want to reinvent the wheel, I suggest using an utility library like underscore or lodash.


Shortest,

var theAnswerObj = _.findWhere(array, {id : 42});

Consider "axesOptions" to be array of objects with an object format being {:field_type => 2, :fields => [1,3,4]}

function getFieldOptions(axesOptions,choice){
  var fields=[]
  axesOptions.each(function(item){
    if(item.field_type == choice)
        fields= hashToArray(item.fields)
  });
  return fields;
}