How to get all selected values of a multiple select box?


I have a <select> element with the multiple attribute. How can I get this element's selected values using JavaScript?

Here's what I'm trying:

function loopSelected() { 
    var txtSelectedValuesObj = document.getElementById('txtSelectedValues');
    var selectedArray = new Array();
    var selObj = document.getElementById('slct'); 
    var i;
    var count = 0;
    for (i=0; i<selObj.options.length; i++) { 
        if (selObj.options[i].selected) {
            selectedArray[count] = selObj.options[i].value;
            count++; 
        } 
    } 
    txtSelectedValuesObj.value = selectedArray;
}

No jQuery:

// Return an array of the selected opion values
// select is an HTML select element
function getSelectValues(select) {
  var result = [];
  var options = select && select.options;
  var opt;

  for (var i=0, iLen=options.length; i<iLen; i++) {
    opt = options[i];

    if (opt.selected) {
      result.push(opt.value || opt.text);
    }
  }
  return result;
}

Quick example:

<select multiple>
  <option>opt 1 text
  <option value="opt 2 value">opt 2 text
</select>
<button onclick="
  var el = document.getElementsByTagName('select')[0];
  alert(getSelectValues(el));
">Show selected values</button>

Check-it Out:

HTML:

<a id="aSelect" href="#">Select</a>
<br />
<asp:ListBox ID="lstSelect" runat="server"  SelectionMode="Multiple" Width="100px">
    <asp:ListItem Text="Raj" Value="1"></asp:ListItem>
    <asp:ListItem Text="Karan" Value="2"></asp:ListItem>
    <asp:ListItem Text="Riya" Value="3"></asp:ListItem>
    <asp:ListItem Text="Aman" Value="4"></asp:ListItem>
    <asp:ListItem Text="Tom" Value="5"></asp:ListItem>
</asp:ListBox>

JQUERY:

$("#aSelect").click(function(){
    var selectedValues = [];    
    $("#lstSelect :selected").each(function(){
        selectedValues.push($(this).val()); 
    });
    alert(selectedValues);
    return false;
});

CLICK HERE TO SEE THE DEMO


ES6

[...select.options].filter(option => option.selected).map(option => option.value)

Where select is a reference to the <select> element.

To break it down:

  • [...select.options] takes the Array-like list of options and destructures it so that we can use Array.prototype methods on it (Edit: also consider using Array.from())
  • filter(...) reduces the options to only the ones that are selected
  • map(...) converts the raw <option> elements into their respective values

Pretty much the same as already suggested but a bit different. About as much code as jQuery in Vanilla JS:

selected = Array.prototype.filter.apply(
  select.options, [
    function(o) {
      return o.selected;
    }
  ]
);

It seems to be faster than a loop in IE, FF and Safari. I find it interesting that it's slower in Chrome and Opera.

Another approach would be using selectors:

selected = Array.prototype.map.apply(
    select.querySelectorAll('option[selected="selected"]'),
    [function (o) { return o.value; }]
);

suppose the multiSelect is the Multiple-Select-Element, just use its selectedOptions Property:

//show all selected options in the console:

for ( var i = 0; i < multiSelect.selectedOptions.length; i++) {
  console.log( multiSelect.selectedOptions[i].value);
}

Here is an ES6 implementation:

value = Array(...el.options).reduce((acc, option) => {
  if (option.selected === true) {
    acc.push(option.value);
  }
  return acc;
}, []);

You Can try this script

     <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
    <script>
    function getMultipleSelectedValue()
    {
      var x=document.getElementById("alpha");
      for (var i = 0; i < x.options.length; i++) {
         if(x.options[i].selected ==true){
              alert(x.options[i].value);
          }
      }
    }
    </script>
    </head>
    <body>
    <select multiple="multiple" id="alpha">
      <option value="a">A</option>
      <option value="b">B</option>
      <option value="c">C</option>
      <option value="d">D</option>
    </select>
    <input type="button" value="Submit" onclick="getMultipleSelectedValue()"/>
    </body>
    </html>

You can use [].reduce for a more compact implementation of RobG's approach:

var getSelectedValues =  function(selectElement) {
  return [].reduce.call(selectElement.options, function(result, option) {
    if (option.selected) result.push(option.value);
    return result;
  }, []);
};

Building on Rick Viscomi's answer, try using the HTML Select Element's selectedOptions property:

let txtSelectedValuesObj = document.getElementById('txtSelectedValues');
[...txtSelectedValuesObj.selectedOptions].map(option => option.value);

In detail,

  • selectedOptions returns a list of selected items.
  • Specifically, it returns a read-only HTMLCollection containing HTMLOptionElements.
  • ... is spread syntax. It expands the HTMLCollection's elements.
  • [...] creates a mutable Array object from these elements, giving you an array of HTMLOptionElements.
  • map() replaces each HTMLObjectElement in the array (here called option) with its value (option.value).

Dense, but it seems to work.

Watch out, selectedOptions isn't supported by IE!


Check this:

HTML:

<select id="test" multiple>
<option value="red" selected>Red</option>
<option value="rock" selected>Rock</option>
<option value="sun">Sun</option>
</select>

Javascript one line code

Array.from(document.getElementById("test").options).filter(option => option.selected).map(option => option.value);

Same as the earlier answer but using underscore.js.

function getSelectValues(select) {
    return _.map(_.filter(select.options, function(opt) { 
        return opt.selected; }), function(opt) { 
            return opt.value || opt.text; });
}

My template helper looks like this:

 'submit #update': function(event) {
    event.preventDefault();
    var obj_opts = event.target.tags.selectedOptions; //returns HTMLCollection
    var array_opts = Object.values(obj_opts);  //convert to array
    var stray = array_opts.map((o)=> o.text ); //to filter your bits: text, value or selected
    //do stuff
}

Riot js code

this.GetOpt=()=>{

let opt=this.refs.ni;

this.logger.debug("Options length "+opt.options.length);

for(let i=0;i<=opt.options.length;i++)
{
  if(opt.options[i].selected==true)
    this.logger.debug(opt.options[i].value);
}
};

//**ni** is a name of HTML select option element as follows
//**HTML code**
<select multiple ref="ni">
  <option value="">---Select---</option>
  <option value="Option1 ">Gaming</option>
  <option value="Option2">Photoshoot</option>
</select>

You may use jquery plugin chosen .

<head>
 <link rel="stylesheet" href="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/chosen/1.4.2/chosen.min.css"
 <script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.3.min.js"></script>
 <script src="//cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/chosen/1.4.2/chosen.jquery.min.js"></script>
 <script>
        jQuery(document).ready(function(){
            jQuery(".chosen").data("placeholder","Select Frameworks...").chosen();
        });
 </script>
</head>

 <body> 
   <label for="Test" class="col-md-3 control label">Test</label>
      <select class="chosen" style="width:350px" multiple="true">
            <option>Choose...</option>
            <option>Java</option>                           
            <option>C++</option>
            <option>Python</option>
     </select>
 </body>

Here ya go.

const arr = Array.from(el.features.selectedOptions) //get array from selectedOptions property
const list = [] 
arr.forEach(item => list.push(item.value)) //push each item to empty array
console.log(list)