Preview an image before it is uploaded


I want to be able to preview a file (image) before it is uploaded. The preview action should be executed all in the browser without using Ajax to upload the image.

How can I do this?

Please take a look at the sample code below:

function readURL(input) {
  if (input.files && input.files[0]) {
    var reader = new FileReader();
    
    reader.onload = function(e) {
      $('#blah').attr('src', e.target.result);
    }
    
    reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[0]);
  }
}

$("#imgInp").change(function() {
  readURL(this);
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<form runat="server">
  <input type='file' id="imgInp" />
  <img id="blah" src="#" alt="your image" />
</form>

Also, you can try this sample here.


There are a couple ways you can do this. The most efficient way would be to use URL.createObjectURL() on the File from your <input>. Pass this URL to img.src to tell the browser to load the provided image.

Here's an example:

<input type="file" accept="image/*" onchange="loadFile(event)">
<img id="output"/>
<script>
  var loadFile = function(event) {
    var output = document.getElementById('output');
    output.src = URL.createObjectURL(event.target.files[0]);
  };
</script>

You can also use FileReader.readAsDataURL() to parse the file from your <input>. This will create a string in memory containing a base64 representation of the image.

<input type="file" accept="image/*" onchange="loadFile(event)">
<img id="output"/>
<script>
  var loadFile = function(event) {
    var reader = new FileReader();
    reader.onload = function(){
      var output = document.getElementById('output');
      output.src = reader.result;
    };
    reader.readAsDataURL(event.target.files[0]);
  };
</script>


One-liner solution:

The following code uses object URLs, which is much more efficient than data URL for viewing large images (A data URL is a huge string containing all of the file data, whereas an object URL, is just a short string referencing the file data in-memory):

<img id="blah" alt="your image" width="100" height="100" />

<input type="file" 
    onchange="document.getElementById('blah').src = window.URL.createObjectURL(this.files[0])">

Generated URL will be like:

blob:http%3A//localhost/7514bc74-65d4-4cf0-a0df-3de016824345

The answer of LeassTaTT works well in "standard" browsers like FF and Chrome. The solution for IE exists, but looks different. Here description of cross-browser solution:

In HTML we need two preview elements, img for standard browsers and div for IE

HTML:

<img id="preview" 
     src="" 
     alt="" 
     style="display:none; max-width: 160px; max-height: 120px; border: none;"/>

<div id="preview_ie"></div>

In CSS we specify the following IE specific thing:

CSS:

#preview_ie {
  FILTER: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(sizingMethod=scale)
}  

In HTML we include the standard and the IE-specific Javascripts:

<script type="text/javascript">
  {% include "pic_preview.js" %}
</script>  
<!--[if gte IE 7]> 
<script type="text/javascript">
  {% include "pic_preview_ie.js" %}
</script>

The pic_preview.js is the Javascript from the LeassTaTT's answer. Replace the $('#blah') whith the $('#preview') and add the $('#preview').show()

Now the IE specific Javascript (pic_preview_ie.js):

function readURL (imgFile) {    
  var newPreview = document.getElementById('preview_ie');
  newPreview.filters.item('DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader').src = imgFile.value;
  newPreview.style.width = '160px';
  newPreview.style.height = '120px';
}    

That's is. Works in IE7, IE8, FF and Chrome. Please test in IE9 and report. The idea of IE preview was found here: http://forums.asp.net/t/1320559.aspx

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms532969(v=vs.85).aspx


I have edited @Ivan's answer to display "No Preview Available" image, if it is not an image:

function readURL(input) {
    var url = input.value;
    var ext = url.substring(url.lastIndexOf('.') + 1).toLowerCase();
    if (input.files && input.files[0]&& (ext == "gif" || ext == "png" || ext == "jpeg" || ext == "jpg")) {
        var reader = new FileReader();

        reader.onload = function (e) {
            $('.imagepreview').attr('src', e.target.result);
        }

        reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[0]);
    }else{
         $('.imagepreview').attr('src', '/assets/no_preview.png');
    }
}

Here's a multiple files version, based on Ivan Baev's answer.

The HTML

<input type="file" multiple id="gallery-photo-add">
<div class="gallery"></div>

JavaScript / jQuery

$(function() {
    // Multiple images preview in browser
    var imagesPreview = function(input, placeToInsertImagePreview) {

        if (input.files) {
            var filesAmount = input.files.length;

            for (i = 0; i < filesAmount; i++) {
                var reader = new FileReader();

                reader.onload = function(event) {
                    $($.parseHTML('<img>')).attr('src', event.target.result).appendTo(placeToInsertImagePreview);
                }

                reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
            }
        }

    };

    $('#gallery-photo-add').on('change', function() {
        imagesPreview(this, 'div.gallery');
    });
});

Requires jQuery 1.8 due to the usage of $.parseHTML, which should help with XSS mitigation.

This will work out of the box, and the only dependancy you need is jQuery.


Yes. It is possible.

Html

<input type="file" accept="image/*"  onchange="showMyImage(this)" />
 <br/>
<img id="thumbnil" style="width:20%; margin-top:10px;"  src="" alt="image"/>

JS

 function showMyImage(fileInput) {
        var files = fileInput.files;
        for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {           
            var file = files[i];
            var imageType = /image.*/;     
            if (!file.type.match(imageType)) {
                continue;
            }           
            var img=document.getElementById("thumbnil");            
            img.file = file;    
            var reader = new FileReader();
            reader.onload = (function(aImg) { 
                return function(e) { 
                    aImg.src = e.target.result; 
                }; 
            })(img);
            reader.readAsDataURL(file);
        }    
    }

You can get Live Demo from here.


Clean and simple JSfiddle

This will be useful when you want The event to triggered indirectly from a div or a button.

<img id="image-preview"  style="height:100px; width:100px;"  src="" >

<input style="display:none" id="input-image-hidden" onchange="document.getElementById('image-preview').src = window.URL.createObjectURL(this.files[0])" type="file" accept="image/jpeg, image/png">

<button  onclick="HandleBrowseClick('input-image-hidden');" >UPLOAD IMAGE</button>


<script type="text/javascript">
function HandleBrowseClick(hidden_input_image)
{
    var fileinputElement = document.getElementById(hidden_input_image);
    fileinputElement.click();
}     
</script>

Example with multiple images using JavaScript (jQuery) and HTML5

JavaScript (jQuery)

function readURL(input) {
     for(var i =0; i< input.files.length; i++){
         if (input.files[i]) {
            var reader = new FileReader();

            reader.onload = function (e) {
               var img = $('<img id="dynamic">');
               img.attr('src', e.target.result);
               img.appendTo('#form1');  
            }
            reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
           }
        }
    }

    $("#imgUpload").change(function(){
        readURL(this);
    });
}

Markup (HTML)

<form id="form1" runat="server">
    <input type="file" id="imgUpload" multiple/>
</form>

How about creating a function that loads the file and fires a custom event. Then attach a listener to the input. This way we have more flexibility to use the file, not just for previewing images.

/**
 * @param {domElement} input - The input element
 * @param {string} typeData - The type of data to be return in the event object. 
 */
function loadFileFromInput(input,typeData) {
    var reader,
        fileLoadedEvent,
        files = input.files;

    if (files && files[0]) {
        reader = new FileReader();

        reader.onload = function (e) {
            fileLoadedEvent = new CustomEvent('fileLoaded',{
                detail:{
                    data:reader.result,
                    file:files[0]  
                },
                bubbles:true,
                cancelable:true
            });
            input.dispatchEvent(fileLoadedEvent);
        }
        switch(typeData) {
            case 'arraybuffer':
                reader.readAsArrayBuffer(files[0]);
                break;
            case 'dataurl':
                reader.readAsDataURL(files[0]);
                break;
            case 'binarystring':
                reader.readAsBinaryString(files[0]);
                break;
            case 'text':
                reader.readAsText(files[0]);
                break;
        }
    }
}
function fileHandler (e) {
    var data = e.detail.data,
        fileInfo = e.detail.file;

    img.src = data;
}
var input = document.getElementById('inputId'),
    img = document.getElementById('imgId');

input.onchange = function (e) {
    loadFileFromInput(e.target,'dataurl');
};

input.addEventListener('fileLoaded',fileHandler)

Probably my code isn't as good as some users but I think you will get the point of it. Here you can see an example


Following is the working code.

<input type='file' onchange="readURL(this);" /> 
<img id="ShowImage" src="#" />

Javascript:

 function readURL(input) {
        if (input.files && input.files[0]) {
            var reader = new FileReader();

            reader.onload = function (e) {
                $('#ShowImage')
                    .attr('src', e.target.result)
                    .width(150)
                    .height(200);
            };

            reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[0]);
        }
    }

In React, if the file is in your props, you can use:

{props.value instanceof File && (
    <img src={URL.createObjectURL(props.value)}/>
)}

What about this solution?

Just add the data attribute "data-type=editable" to an image tag like this:

<img data-type="editable" id="companyLogo" src="http://www.coventrywebgraphicdesign.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/logo-here.jpg" height="300px" width="300px" />

And the script to your project off course...

function init() {
    $("img[data-type=editable]").each(function (i, e) {
        var _inputFile = $('<input/>')
            .attr('type', 'file')
            .attr('hidden', 'hidden')
            .attr('onchange', 'readImage()')
            .attr('data-image-placeholder', e.id);

        $(e.parentElement).append(_inputFile);

        $(e).on("click", _inputFile, triggerClick);
    });
}

function triggerClick(e) {
    e.data.click();
}

Element.prototype.readImage = function () {
    var _inputFile = this;
    if (_inputFile && _inputFile.files && _inputFile.files[0]) {
        var _fileReader = new FileReader();
        _fileReader.onload = function (e) {
            var _imagePlaceholder = _inputFile.attributes.getNamedItem("data-image-placeholder").value;
            var _img = $("#" + _imagePlaceholder);
            _img.attr("src", e.target.result);
        };
        _fileReader.readAsDataURL(_inputFile.files[0]);
    }
};

// 
// IIFE - Immediately Invoked Function Expression
// https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18307078/jquery-best-practises-in-case-of-document-ready
(

function (yourcode) {
    "use strict";
    // The global jQuery object is passed as a parameter
    yourcode(window.jQuery, window, document);
}(

function ($, window, document) {
    "use strict";
    // The $ is now locally scoped 
    $(function () {
        // The DOM is ready!
        init();
    });

    // The rest of your code goes here!
}));

See demo at JSFiddle


Try this

window.onload = function() {
  if (window.File && window.FileList && window.FileReader) {
    var filesInput = document.getElementById("uploadImage");
    filesInput.addEventListener("change", function(event) {
      var files = event.target.files;
      var output = document.getElementById("result");
      for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {
        var file = files[i];
        if (!file.type.match('image'))
          continue;
        var picReader = new FileReader();
        picReader.addEventListener("load", function(event) {
          var picFile = event.target;
          var div = document.createElement("div");
          div.innerHTML = "<img class='thumbnail' src='" + picFile.result + "'" +
            "title='" + picFile.name + "'/>";
          output.insertBefore(div, null);
        });        
        picReader.readAsDataURL(file);
      }

    });
  }
}
<input type="file" id="uploadImage" name="termek_file" class="file_input" multiple/>
<div id="result" class="uploadPreview">


Preview multiple images before it is uploaded using jQuery/javascript?

This will preview multiple files as thumbnail images at a time

Html

<input id="ImageMedias" multiple="multiple" name="ImageMedias" type="file"
accept=".jfif,.jpg,.jpeg,.png,.gif" class="custom-file-input"  value="">                                    
<div id="divImageMediaPreview"></div>

Script

$("#ImageMedias").change(function () {
    if (typeof (FileReader) != "undefined") {
        var dvPreview = $("#divImageMediaPreview");
        dvPreview.html("");            
        $($(this)[0].files).each(function () {
            var file = $(this);                
                var reader = new FileReader();
                reader.onload = function (e) {
                    var img = $("<img />");
                    img.attr("style", "width: 150px; height:100px; padding: 10px");
                    img.attr("src", e.target.result);
                    dvPreview.append(img);
                }
                reader.readAsDataURL(file[0]);                
        });
    } else {
        alert("This browser does not support HTML5 FileReader.");
    }
});

Working Demo on Codepen

Working Demo on jsfiddle

I hope this will help.


I have made a plugin which can generate the preview effect in IE 7+ thanks to the internet, but has few limitations. I put it into a github page so that its easier to get it

$(function () {
		$("input[name=file1]").previewimage({
			div: ".preview",
			imgwidth: 180,
			imgheight: 120
		});
		$("input[name=file2]").previewimage({
			div: ".preview2",
			imgwidth: 90,
			imgheight: 90
		});
	});
.preview > div {
  display: inline-block;
  text-align:center;
}

.preview2 > div {
  display: inline-block; 
  text-align:center;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://rawgit.com/andrewng330/PreviewImage/master/preview.image.min.js"></script>
	Preview
	<div class="preview"></div>
	Preview2
	<div class="preview2"></div>

	<form action="#" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
		<input type="file" name="file1">
		<input type="file" name="file2">
		<input type="submit">
	</form>


For Multiple image upload (Modification to the @IvanBaev's Solution)

function readURL(input) {
    if (input.files && input.files[0]) {
        var i;
        for (i = 0; i < input.files.length; ++i) {
          var reader = new FileReader();
          reader.onload = function (e) {
              $('#form1').append('<img src="'+e.target.result+'">');
          }
          reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
        }
    }
}

http://jsfiddle.net/LvsYc/12330/

Hope this helps someone.


Default Iamge

                @Html.TextBoxFor(x => x.productModels.DefaultImage, new {@type = "file", @class = "form-control", onchange = "openFile(event)", @name = "DefaultImage", @id = "DefaultImage" })
                @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.productModels.DefaultImage, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
                    <img src="~/img/ApHandler.png"  style="height:125px; width:125px" id="DefaultImagePreview"/>
            </div>

 <script>
    var openFile = function (event) {
        var input = event.target;

        var reader = new FileReader();
        reader.onload = function () {
            var dataURL = reader.result;
            var output = document.getElementById('DefaultImagePreview');
            output.src = dataURL;
        };
        reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[0]);
    };
</script>

It's my code.Support IE[6-9]?chrome 17+?firefox?Opera 11+?Maxthon3

   
function previewImage(fileObj, imgPreviewId) {
    var allowExtention = ".jpg,.bmp,.gif,.png";  //allowed to upload file type
    document.getElementById("hfAllowPicSuffix").value;
    var extention = fileObj.value.substring(fileObj.value.lastIndexOf(".") + 1).toLowerCase();
    var browserVersion = window.navigator.userAgent.toUpperCase();
    if (allowExtention.indexOf(extention) > -1) {
        if (fileObj.files) {
            if (window.FileReader) {
                var reader = new FileReader();
                reader.onload = function (e) {
                    document.getElementById(imgPreviewId).setAttribute("src", e.target.result);
                };
                reader.readAsDataURL(fileObj.files[0]);
            } else if (browserVersion.indexOf("SAFARI") > -1) {
                alert("don't support  Safari6.0 below broswer");
            }
        } else if (browserVersion.indexOf("MSIE") > -1) {
            if (browserVersion.indexOf("MSIE 6") > -1) {//ie6
                document.getElementById(imgPreviewId).setAttribute("src", fileObj.value);
            } else {//ie[7-9]
                fileObj.select();
                fileObj.blur(); 
                var newPreview = document.getElementById(imgPreviewId);

                newPreview.style.border = "solid 1px #eeeeee";
                newPreview.style.filter = "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(sizingMethod='scale',src='" + document.selection.createRange().text + "')";
                newPreview.style.display = "block";

            }
        } else if (browserVersion.indexOf("FIREFOX") > -1) {//firefox
            var firefoxVersion = parseFloat(browserVersion.toLowerCase().match(/firefox\/([\d.]+)/)[1]);
            if (firefoxVersion < 7) {//firefox7 below
                document.getElementById(imgPreviewId).setAttribute("src", fileObj.files[0].getAsDataURL());
            } else {//firefox7.0+ 
                document.getElementById(imgPreviewId).setAttribute("src", window.URL.createObjectURL(fileObj.files[0]));
            }
        } else {
            document.getElementById(imgPreviewId).setAttribute("src", fileObj.value);
        }
    } else {
        alert("only support" + allowExtention + "suffix");
        fileObj.value = ""; //clear Selected file
        if (browserVersion.indexOf("MSIE") > -1) {
            fileObj.select();
            document.selection.clear();
        }

    }
}
function changeFile(elem) {
    //file object , preview img tag id
    previewImage(elem,'imagePreview')
}
<input type="file"  id="netBarBig"  onchange="changeFile(this)"  />
<img  src="" id="imagePreview" style="width:120px;height:80px;" alt=""/>


Here's a solution if you're using React:

import * as React from 'react'
import { useDropzone } from 'react-dropzone'

function imageDropper() {
  const [imageUrl, setImageUrl] = React.useState()
  const [imageFile, setImageFile] = React.useState()

  const onDrop = React.useCallback(
    acceptedFiles => {
      const file = acceptedFiles[0]
      setImageFile(file)

      // convert file to data: url
      const reader = new FileReader()
      reader.addEventListener('load', () => setImageUrl(String(reader.result)), false)
      reader.readAsDataURL(file)
    },
    [setImageFile, setImageUrl]
  )
  const { getRootProps, getInputProps, isDragActive } = useDropzone({ onDrop })

  return (
    <div>
      <div {...getRootProps()}>
        {imageFile ? imageFile.name : ''}
        {isDragActive ? <p>Drop files here...</p> : <p>Select image file...</p>}
        <input {...getInputProps()} />
      </div>
      {imageUrl && (
        <div>
          Your image: <img src={imageUrl} />
        </div>
      )}
    </div>
  )
}

for my app, with encryped GET url parameters, only this worked. I always got a TypeError: $(...) is null. Taken from https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/FileReader/readAsDataURL

function previewFile() {
  var preview = document.querySelector('img');
  var file    = document.querySelector('input[type=file]').files[0];
  var reader  = new FileReader();

  reader.addEventListener("load", function () {
    preview.src = reader.result;
  }, false);

  if (file) {
    reader.readAsDataURL(file);
  }
}
<input type="file" onchange="previewFile()"><br>
<img src="" height="200" alt="Image preview...">


function assignFilePreviews() {
    $('input[data-previewable=\"true\"]').change(function() {
        var prvCnt = $(this).attr('data-preview-container');
        if (prvCnt) {
            if (this.files && this.files[0]) {
                var reader = new FileReader();
                reader.onload = function(e) {
                    var img = $('<img>');
                    img.attr('src', e.target.result);
                    img.error(function() {
                        $(prvCnt).html('');
                    });
                    $(prvCnt).html('');
                    img.appendTo(prvCnt);
                }
                reader.readAsDataURL(this.files[0]);
            }
        }
    });
}
$(document).ready(function() {
    assignFilePreviews();
});

HTML

<input type="file" data-previewable="true" data-preview-container=".prd-img-prv" />
<div class = "prd-img-prv"></div>

This also handles case when file with invalid type ( ex. pdf ) is choosen


THIS IS THE SIMPLEST METHOD


To PREVIEW the image before uploading it to the SERVER from the Browser without using Ajax or any complicated functions.


It needs an "onChange" event to load the image.

<form>
  <input type="file" onchange="preview()">
  <img id="frame" src="" width="100px" height="100px"/>
</form>
<script>
    function preview() {
      frame.src=URL.createObjectURL(event.target.files[0]);
    }
</script>

The image will be loaded immediately in the frame after selecting an image.


ES6 way

const readURL = file => {
    return new Promise((res, rej) => {
        const reader = new FileReader();
        reader.onload = e => res(e.target.result);
        reader.onerror = e => rej(e);
        reader.readAsDataURL(file);
    });
};

const preview = async event => {
    const file = event.target.files[0];
    const url = await readURL(file);
    img.src = url;
};

fileInput.addEventListener('change', preview);

This is size improvement of cmlevy answer - try

<input type="file" onchange="pic.src=window.URL.createObjectURL(this.files[0])">
<img id="pic" />


<img id="blah" alt="your image" width="100" height="100" />
<input type="file" name="photo" id="fileinput" />
<script>
$('#fileinput').change(function() {
var url = window.URL.createObjectURL(this.files[0]);
 $('#blah').attr('src',url);
});
</script>