Fixing JavaScript Array functions in Internet Explorer (indexOf, forEach, etc.) [closed]


As detailed elsewhere, and otherwise apparently well-known, Internet Explorer (definitely version 7, and in some instances, version 8) do not implement key functions, in particular on Array (such as forEach, indexOf, etc).

There are a number of workarounds here and there, but I'd like to fold a proper, canonical set of implementations into our site rather than copy and paste or hack away at our own implementations. I've found js-methods, which looks promising, but thought I'd post here to see whether another library comes more highly-recommended. A couple of miscellaneous criteria:

  • The library should just be a no-operation for those functions that a browser already has implementations for (js-methods appears to do quite well here).
  • Non-GPL, please, though LGPL is acceptable.

Many use the MDC fallback implementations (eg. for indexOf). They're generally rigorously standards-compliant, even to the extent of explicitly checking the types of all the arguments.

Unfortunately whilst it is clear that the authors regard this code as trivial and freely-usable, there doesn't seem to be an explicit licence-grant to put this in writing. The wiki as a whole is CC Attribution-ShareAlike, if that's an acceptable licence (though CC isn't designed for code as such).

js-methods looks OK in general, but is not as standards-compliant around the edges of how the functions are supposed to be (eg. undefined list items, functions that mutate the list). It's also full of other random non-standard methods, including some questionable ones like the dodgy stripTags and the incomplete UTF-8 codec (which is also a bit unnecessary given the unescape(encodeURIComponent) trick).

For what it's worth, here's what I use (which I hereby release into the public domain, if it can be said to be copyrightable at all). It's a bit shorter than the MDC versions as it doesn't attempt to type-sniff that you haven't done something silly like pass non-function callbacks or non-integer indexes, but apart from that it attempts to be standards-compliant. (Let me know if I've missed anything. ;-))

'use strict';

// Add ECMA262-5 method binding if not supported natively
//
if (!('bind' in Function.prototype)) {
    Function.prototype.bind= function(owner) {
        var that= this;
        if (arguments.length<=1) {
            return function() {
                return that.apply(owner, arguments);
            };
        } else {
            var args= Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 1);
            return function() {
                return that.apply(owner, arguments.length===0? args : args.concat(Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments)));
            };
        }
    };
}

// Add ECMA262-5 string trim if not supported natively
//
if (!('trim' in String.prototype)) {
    String.prototype.trim= function() {
        return this.replace(/^\s+/, '').replace(/\s+$/, '');
    };
}

// Add ECMA262-5 Array methods if not supported natively
//
if (!('indexOf' in Array.prototype)) {
    Array.prototype.indexOf= function(find, i /*opt*/) {
        if (i===undefined) i= 0;
        if (i<0) i+= this.length;
        if (i<0) i= 0;
        for (var n= this.length; i<n; i++)
            if (i in this && this[i]===find)
                return i;
        return -1;
    };
}
if (!('lastIndexOf' in Array.prototype)) {
    Array.prototype.lastIndexOf= function(find, i /*opt*/) {
        if (i===undefined) i= this.length-1;
        if (i<0) i+= this.length;
        if (i>this.length-1) i= this.length-1;
        for (i++; i-->0;) /* i++ because from-argument is sadly inclusive */
            if (i in this && this[i]===find)
                return i;
        return -1;
    };
}
if (!('forEach' in Array.prototype)) {
    Array.prototype.forEach= function(action, that /*opt*/) {
        for (var i= 0, n= this.length; i<n; i++)
            if (i in this)
                action.call(that, this[i], i, this);
    };
}
if (!('map' in Array.prototype)) {
    Array.prototype.map= function(mapper, that /*opt*/) {
        var other= new Array(this.length);
        for (var i= 0, n= this.length; i<n; i++)
            if (i in this)
                other[i]= mapper.call(that, this[i], i, this);
        return other;
    };
}
if (!('filter' in Array.prototype)) {
    Array.prototype.filter= function(filter, that /*opt*/) {
        var other= [], v;
        for (var i=0, n= this.length; i<n; i++)
            if (i in this && filter.call(that, v= this[i], i, this))
                other.push(v);
        return other;
    };
}
if (!('every' in Array.prototype)) {
    Array.prototype.every= function(tester, that /*opt*/) {
        for (var i= 0, n= this.length; i<n; i++)
            if (i in this && !tester.call(that, this[i], i, this))
                return false;
        return true;
    };
}
if (!('some' in Array.prototype)) {
    Array.prototype.some= function(tester, that /*opt*/) {
        for (var i= 0, n= this.length; i<n; i++)
            if (i in this && tester.call(that, this[i], i, this))
                return true;
        return false;
    };
}

Other ECMA262-5 methods not implemented here include Array reduce/reduceRight, the JSON ones and the few new Object methods that can be reliably implemented as JS functions.


Take a look at Underscore.js.


Kris Kowal has compiled a small library that acts as a shim for ECMAScript 5 functions that may be missing from the browser's implementation. Some of the functions have been revised numerous times by other people to be optimized for speed and to work around browser bugs. The functions are written to follow the specification as closely as possible.

es5-shim.js was released under the MIT license, the Array.prototype extensions are near the top and you can chop and remove any functions you don't need quite easily. I also suggest you minify the script as the comments make it much larger than it needs to be.


By 'not implement key functions' you actually means 'conforms to the ECMA 262 3'rd ed' right? :)

The methods you are referring to are part of the new 5'th edition - for browsers not supporting this you can use the following 'shim' that extends 3'rd into 5'th http://github.com/kriskowal/narwhal-lib/blob/narwhal-lib/lib/global-es5.js.


Those scripts don't work well in my tests. I create a file with the same functions based on MDN documents.

Too many problems areas are solved in Internet Explorer 8. See the code in egermano / ie-fix.js.


With the Underscore.js

var arr=['a','a1','b'] _.filter(arr, function(a){ return a.indexOf('a') > -1; })