Prevent scrolling of parent element when inner element scroll position reaches top/bottom? [duplicate]


I have a little "floating tool box" - a div with position:fixed; overflow:auto. Works just fine.

But when scrolling inside that box (with the mouse wheel) and reaching the bottom OR top, the parent element "takes over" the "scroll request" : The document behind the tool box scrolls.
- Which is annoying and not what the user "asked for".

I'm using jQuery and thought I could stop this behaviour with event.stoppropagation():
$("#toolBox").scroll( function(event){ event.stoppropagation() });

It does enter the function, but still, propagation happens anyway (the document scrolls)
- It's surprisingly hard to search for this topic on SO (and Google), so I have to ask:
How to prevent propagation / bubbling of the scroll-event ?

Edit:
Working solution thanks to amustill (and Brandon Aaron for the mousewheel-plugin here:
https://github.com/brandonaaron/jquery-mousewheel/raw/master/jquery.mousewheel.js

$(".ToolPage").bind('mousewheel', function(e, d)  
    var t = $(this);
    if (d > 0 && t.scrollTop() === 0) {
        e.preventDefault();
    }
    else {
        if (d < 0 && (t.scrollTop() == t.get(0).scrollHeight - t.innerHeight())) {
            e.preventDefault();
        }
    }
});

It's possible with the use of Brandon Aaron's Mousewheel plugin.

Here's a demo: http://jsbin.com/jivutakama/edit?html,js,output


I am adding this answer for completeness because the accepted answer by @amustill does not correctly solve the problem in Internet Explorer. Please see the comments in my original post for details. In addition, this solution does not require any plugins - only jQuery.

In essence, the code works by handling the mousewheel event. Each such event contains a wheelDelta equal to the number of px which it is going to move the scrollable area to. If this value is >0, then we are scrolling up. If the wheelDelta is <0 then we are scrolling down.

FireFox: FireFox uses DOMMouseScroll as the event, and populates originalEvent.detail, whose +/- is reversed from what is described above. It generally returns intervals of 3, while other browsers return scrolling in intervals of 120 (at least on my machine). To correct, we simply detect it and multiply by -40 to normalize.

@amustill's answer works by canceling the event if the <div>'s scrollable area is already either at the top or the bottom maximum position. However, Internet Explorer disregards the canceled event in situations where the delta is larger than the remaining scrollable space.

In other words, if you have a 200px tall <div> containing 500px of scrollable content, and the current scrollTop is 400, a mousewheel event which tells the browser to scroll 120px further will result in both the <div> and the <body> scrolling, because 400 + 120 > 500.

So - to solve the problem, we have to do something slightly different, as shown below:

The requisite jQuery code is:

$(document).on('DOMMouseScroll mousewheel', '.Scrollable', function(ev) {
    var $this = $(this),
        scrollTop = this.scrollTop,
        scrollHeight = this.scrollHeight,
        height = $this.innerHeight(),
        delta = (ev.type == 'DOMMouseScroll' ?
            ev.originalEvent.detail * -40 :
            ev.originalEvent.wheelDelta),
        up = delta > 0;

    var prevent = function() {
        ev.stopPropagation();
        ev.preventDefault();
        ev.returnValue = false;
        return false;
    }

    if (!up && -delta > scrollHeight - height - scrollTop) {
        // Scrolling down, but this will take us past the bottom.
        $this.scrollTop(scrollHeight);
        return prevent();
    } else if (up && delta > scrollTop) {
        // Scrolling up, but this will take us past the top.
        $this.scrollTop(0);
        return prevent();
    }
});

In essence, this code cancels any scrolling event which would create the unwanted edge condition, then uses jQuery to set the scrollTop of the <div> to either the maximum or minimum value, depending on which direction the mousewheel event was requesting.

Because the event is canceled entirely in either case, it never propagates to the body at all, and therefore solves the issue in IE, as well as all of the other browsers.

I have also put up a working example on jsFiddle.


All the solutions given in this thread don't mention an existing - and native - way to solve this problem without reordering DOM and/or using event preventing tricks. But there's a good reason: this way is proprietary - and available on MS web platform only. Quoting MSDN:

-ms-scroll-chaining property - specifies the scrolling behavior that occurs when a user hits the scroll limit during a manipulation. Property values:

chained - Initial value. The nearest scrollable parent element begins scrolling when the user hits a scroll limit during a manipulation. No bounce effect is shown.

none - A bounce effect is shown when the user hits a scroll limit during a manipulation.

Granted, this property is supported on IE10+/Edge only. Still, here's a telling quote:

To give you a sense of how popular preventing scroll chaining may be, according to my quick http-archive search "-ms-scroll-chaining: none" is used in 0.4% of top 300K pages despite being limited in functionality and only supported on IE/Edge.

And now good news, everyone! Starting from Chrome 63, we finally have a native cure for Blink-based platforms too - and that's both Chrome (obviously) and Android WebView (soon).

Quoting the introducing article:

The overscroll-behavior property is a new CSS feature that controls the behavior of what happens when you over-scroll a container (including the page itself). You can use it to cancel scroll chaining, disable/customize the pull-to-refresh action, disable rubberbanding effects on iOS (when Safari implements overscroll-behavior), and more.[...]

The property takes three possible values:

auto - Default. Scrolls that originate on the element may propagate to ancestor elements.

contain - prevents scroll chaining. Scrolls do not propagate to ancestors but local effects within the node are shown. For example, the overscroll glow effect on Android or the rubberbanding effect on iOS which notifies the user when they've hit a scroll boundary. Note: using overscroll-behavior: contain on the html element prevents overscroll navigation actions.

none - same as contain but it also prevents overscroll effects within the node itself (e.g. Android overscroll glow or iOS rubberbanding).

[...] The best part is that using overscroll-behavior does not adversely affect page performance like the hacks mentioned in the intro!

Here's this feature in action. And here's corresponding CSS Module document.

UPDATE: Firefox, since version 59, has joined the club, and MS Edge is expected to implement this feature in version 18. Here's the corresponding caniusage.


I know it's quite an old question, but since this is one of top results in google... I had to somehow cancel scroll bubbling without jQuery and this code works for me:

function preventDefault(e) {
  e = e || window.event;
  if (e.preventDefault)
    e.preventDefault();
  e.returnValue = false;  
}

document.getElementById('a').onmousewheel = function(e) { 
  document.getElementById('a').scrollTop -= e. wheelDeltaY; 
  preventDefault(e);
}

EDIT: CodePen example

For AngularJS, I defined the following directive:

module.directive('isolateScrolling', function () {
  return {
    restrict: 'A',
      link: function (scope, element, attr) {
        element.bind('DOMMouseScroll', function (e) {
          if (e.detail > 0 && this.clientHeight + this.scrollTop == this.scrollHeight) {
            this.scrollTop = this.scrollHeight - this.clientHeight;
            e.stopPropagation();
            e.preventDefault();
            return false;
          }
          else if (e.detail < 0 && this.scrollTop <= 0) {
            this.scrollTop = 0;
            e.stopPropagation();
            e.preventDefault();
            return false;
          }
        });
        element.bind('mousewheel', function (e) {
          if (e.deltaY > 0 && this.clientHeight + this.scrollTop >= this.scrollHeight) {
            this.scrollTop = this.scrollHeight - this.clientHeight;
            e.stopPropagation();
            e.preventDefault();
            return false;
          }
          else if (e.deltaY < 0 && this.scrollTop <= 0) {
            this.scrollTop = 0;
            e.stopPropagation();
            e.preventDefault();
            return false;
          }

          return true;
        });
      }
  };
});

And then added it to the scrollable element (the dropdown-menu ul):

<div class="dropdown">
  <button type="button" class="btn dropdown-toggle">Rename <span class="caret"></span></button>
  <ul class="dropdown-menu" isolate-scrolling>
    <li ng-repeat="s in savedSettings | objectToArray | orderBy:'name' track by s.name">
      <a ng-click="renameSettings(s.name)">{{s.name}}</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

Tested on Chrome and Firefox. Chrome's smooth scrolling defeats this hack when a large mousewheel movement is made near (but not at) the top or bottom of the scroll region.


There are tons of questions like this out there, with many answers, but I could not find a satisfactory solution that did not involve events, scripts, plugins, etc. I wanted to keep it straight in HTML and CSS. I finally found a solution that worked, although it involved restructuring the markup to break the event chain.


1. Basic problem

Scrolling input (i.e.: mousewheel) applied to the modal element will spill over into an ancestor element and scroll it in the same direction, if some such element is scrollable:

(All examples are meant to be viewed on desktop resolutions)

https://jsfiddle.net/ybkbg26c/5/

HTML:

<div id="parent">
  <div id="modal">
    This text is pretty long here.  Hope fully, we will get some scroll bars.
  </div>
</div>

CSS:

#modal {
  position: absolute;
  height: 100px;
  width: 100px;
  top: 20%;
  left: 20%;
  overflow-y: scroll;
}
#parent {
  height: 4000px;
}

2. No parent scroll on modal scroll

The reason why the ancestor ends up scrolling is because the scroll event bubbles and some element on the chain is able to handle it. A way to stop that is to make sure none of the elements on the chain know how to handle the scroll. In terms of our example, we can refactor the tree to move the modal out of the parent element. For obscure reasons, it is not enough to keep the parent and the modal DOM siblings; the parent must be wrapped by another element that establishes a new stacking context. An absolutely positioned wrapper around the parent can do the trick.

The result we get is that as long as the modal receives the scroll event, the event will not bubble to the "parent" element.

It should typically be possible to redesign the DOM tree to support this behavior without affecting what the end user sees.

https://jsfiddle.net/0bqq31Lv/3/

HTML:

<div id="context">
  <div id="parent">
  </div>
</div>
<div id="modal">
  This text is pretty long here.  Hope fully, we will get some scroll bars.
</div>

CSS (new only):

#context {
  position: absolute;
  overflow-y: scroll;
  top: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
}

3. No scroll anywhere except in modal while it is up

The solution above still allows the parent to receive scroll events, as long as they are not intercepted by the modal window (i.e. if triggered by mousewheel while the cursor is not over the modal). This is sometimes undesirable and we may want to forbid all background scrolling while the modal is up. To do that, we need to insert an extra stacking context that spans the whole viewport behind the modal. We can do that by displaying an absolutely positioned overlay, which can be fully transparent if necessary (but not visibility:hidden).

https://jsfiddle.net/0bqq31Lv/2/

HTML:

<div id="context">
  <div id="parent">
  </div>
</div>
<div id="overlay">  
</div>
<div id="modal">
  This text is pretty long here.  Hope fully, we will get some scroll bars.
</div>

CSS (new on top of #2):

#overlay {
  background-color: transparent;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
}

As variant, to avoid performance issues with scroll or mousewheel handling, you can use code like below:

css:

body.noscroll {
    overflow: hidden;
}
.scrollable {
    max-height: 200px;
    overflow-y: scroll;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
}

html:

<div class="scrollable">
...A bunch of items to make the div scroll...
</div>
...A bunch of text to make the body scroll...

js:

var $document = $(document),
    $body = $('body'),
    $scrolable = $('.scrollable');

$scrolable.on({
          'mouseenter': function () {
            // add hack class to prevent workspace scroll when scroll outside
            $body.addClass('noscroll');
          },
          'mouseleave': function () {
            // remove hack class to allow scroll
            $body.removeClass('noscroll');
          }
        });

Example of work: http://jsbin.com/damuwinarata/4


Angular JS Directive

I had to wrap an angular directive. The following is a Mashup of the other answers here. tested on Chrome and Internet Explorer 11.

var app = angular.module('myApp');

app.directive("preventParentScroll", function () {
    return {
        restrict: "A",
        scope: false,
        link: function (scope, elm, attr) {
            elm.bind('mousewheel', onMouseWheel);
            function onMouseWheel(e) {
                elm[0].scrollTop -= (e.wheelDeltaY || (e.originalEvent && (e.originalEvent.wheelDeltaY || e.originalEvent.wheelDelta)) || e.wheelDelta || 0);
                e.stopPropagation();
                e.preventDefault();
                e.returnValue = false;
            }
        }
    }
});

Usage

<div prevent-parent-scroll>
    ...
</div>

Hopes this helps the next person that gets here from a Google search.


Here's a plain JavaScript version:

function scroll(e) {
  var delta = (e.type === "mousewheel") ? e.wheelDelta : e.detail * -40;
  if (delta < 0 && (this.scrollHeight - this.offsetHeight - this.scrollTop) <= 0) {
    this.scrollTop = this.scrollHeight;
    e.preventDefault();
  } else if (delta > 0 && delta > this.scrollTop) {
    this.scrollTop = 0;
    e.preventDefault();
  }
}
document.querySelectorAll(".scroller").addEventListener("mousewheel", scroll);
document.querySelectorAll(".scroller").addEventListener("DOMMouseScroll", scroll);

Using native element scroll properties with the delta value from the mousewheel plugin:

$elem.on('mousewheel', function (e, delta) {
    // Restricts mouse scrolling to the scrolling range of this element.
    if (
        this.scrollTop < 1 && delta > 0 ||
        (this.clientHeight + this.scrollTop) === this.scrollHeight && delta < 0
    ) {
        e.preventDefault();
    }
});

In case someone is still looking for a solution for this, the following plugin does the job http://mohammadyounes.github.io/jquery-scrollLock/

It fully addresses the issue of locking mouse wheel scroll inside a given container, preventing it from propagating to parent element.

It does not change wheel scrolling speed, user experience will not be affected. and you get the same behavior regardless of the OS mouse wheel vertical scrolling speed (On Windows it can be set to one screen or one line up to 100 lines per notch).

Demo: http://mohammadyounes.github.io/jquery-scrollLock/example/

Source: https://github.com/MohammadYounes/jquery-scrollLock


amustill's answer as a knockout handler:

ko.bindingHandlers.preventParentScroll = {
    init: function (element, valueAccessor, allBindingsAccessor, context) {
        $(element).mousewheel(function (e, d) {
            var t = $(this);
            if (d > 0 && t.scrollTop() === 0) {
                e.preventDefault();
            }
            else {
                if (d < 0 && (t.scrollTop() == t.get(0).scrollHeight - t.innerHeight())) {
                    e.preventDefault();
                }
            }
        });
    }
};

the method above is not that natural, after some googling I find a more nice solution , and no need of jQuery. see [1] and demo [2].

  var element = document.getElementById('uf-notice-ul');

  var isMacWebkit = (navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Macintosh") !== -1 &&
    navigator.userAgent.indexOf("WebKit") !== -1);
  var isFirefox = (navigator.userAgent.indexOf("firefox") !== -1);

  element.onwheel = wheelHandler; // Future browsers
  element.onmousewheel = wheelHandler; // Most current browsers
  if (isFirefox) {
    element.scrollTop = 0;
    element.addEventListener("DOMMouseScroll", wheelHandler, false);
  }
  // prevent from scrolling parrent elements
  function wheelHandler(event) {
    var e = event || window.event; // Standard or IE event object

    // Extract the amount of rotation from the event object, looking
    // for properties of a wheel event object, a mousewheel event object 
    // (in both its 2D and 1D forms), and the Firefox DOMMouseScroll event.
    // Scale the deltas so that one "click" toward the screen is 30 pixels.
    // If future browsers fire both "wheel" and "mousewheel" for the same
    // event, we'll end up double-counting it here. Hopefully, however,
    // cancelling the wheel event will prevent generation of mousewheel.
    var deltaX = e.deltaX * -30 || // wheel event
      e.wheelDeltaX / 4 || // mousewheel
      0; // property not defined
    var deltaY = e.deltaY * -30 || // wheel event
      e.wheelDeltaY / 4 || // mousewheel event in Webkit
      (e.wheelDeltaY === undefined && // if there is no 2D property then 
        e.wheelDelta / 4) || // use the 1D wheel property
      e.detail * -10 || // Firefox DOMMouseScroll event
      0; // property not defined

    // Most browsers generate one event with delta 120 per mousewheel click.
    // On Macs, however, the mousewheels seem to be velocity-sensitive and
    // the delta values are often larger multiples of 120, at 
    // least with the Apple Mouse. Use browser-testing to defeat this.
    if (isMacWebkit) {
      deltaX /= 30;
      deltaY /= 30;
    }
    e.currentTarget.scrollTop -= deltaY;
    // If we ever get a mousewheel or wheel event in (a future version of)
    // Firefox, then we don't need DOMMouseScroll anymore.
    if (isFirefox && e.type !== "DOMMouseScroll") {
      element.removeEventListener("DOMMouseScroll", wheelHandler, false);
    }
    // Don't let this event bubble. Prevent any default action.
    // This stops the browser from using the mousewheel event to scroll
    // the document. Hopefully calling preventDefault() on a wheel event
    // will also prevent the generation of a mousewheel event for the
    // same rotation.
    if (e.preventDefault) e.preventDefault();
    if (e.stopPropagation) e.stopPropagation();
    e.cancelBubble = true; // IE events
    e.returnValue = false; // IE events
    return false;
  }

[1] https://dimakuzmich.wordpress.com/2013/07/16/prevent-scrolling-of-parent-element-with-javascript/

[2] http://jsfiddle.net/dima_k/5mPkB/1/


This actually works in AngularJS. Tested on Chrome and Firefox.

.directive('stopScroll', function () {
    return {
        restrict: 'A',
        link: function (scope, element, attr) {
            element.bind('mousewheel', function (e) {
                var $this = $(this),
                    scrollTop = this.scrollTop,
                    scrollHeight = this.scrollHeight,
                    height = $this.height(),
                    delta = (e.type == 'DOMMouseScroll' ?
                    e.originalEvent.detail * -40 :
                        e.originalEvent.wheelDelta),
                    up = delta > 0;

                var prevent = function() {
                    e.stopPropagation();
                    e.preventDefault();
                    e.returnValue = false;
                    return false;
                };

                if (!up && -delta > scrollHeight - height - scrollTop) {
                    // Scrolling down, but this will take us past the bottom.
                    $this.scrollTop(scrollHeight);
                    return prevent();
                } else if (up && delta > scrollTop) {
                    // Scrolling up, but this will take us past the top.
                    $this.scrollTop(0);
                    return prevent();
                }
            });
        }
    };
})

I have a similar situation and here's how i solved it:
All my scrollable elements get the class scrollable.

$(document).on('wheel', '.scrollable', function(evt) {
  var offsetTop = this.scrollTop + parseInt(evt.originalEvent.deltaY, 10);
  var offsetBottom = this.scrollHeight - this.getBoundingClientRect().height - offsetTop;

  if (offsetTop < 0 || offsetBottom < 0) {
    evt.preventDefault();
  } else {
    evt.stopImmediatePropagation();
  }
});

stopImmediatePropagation() makes sure not to scroll parent scrollable area from scrollable child area.

Here's a vanilla JS implementation of it: http://jsbin.com/lugim/2/edit?js,output


New web dev here. This worked like a charm for me on both IE and Chrome.

static preventScrollPropagation(e: HTMLElement) {
    e.onmousewheel = (ev) => {
        var preventScroll = false;
        var isScrollingDown = ev.wheelDelta < 0;
        if (isScrollingDown) {
            var isAtBottom = e.scrollTop + e.clientHeight == e.scrollHeight;
            if (isAtBottom) {
                preventScroll = true;
            }
        } else {
            var isAtTop = e.scrollTop == 0;
            if (isAtTop) {
                preventScroll = true;
            }
        }
        if (preventScroll) {
            ev.preventDefault();
        }
    }
}

Don't let the number of lines fool you, it is quite simple - just a bit verbose for readability (self documenting code ftw right?)

Also I should mention that the language here is TypeScript, but as always, it is straightforward to convert it to JS.


For those using MooTools, here is equivalent code:

            'mousewheel': function(event){
            var height = this.getSize().y;
            height -= 2;    // Not sure why I need this bodge
            if ((this.scrollTop === (this.scrollHeight - height) && event.wheel < 0) || 
                (this.scrollTop === 0 && event.wheel > 0)) {
                event.preventDefault();
            }

Bear in mind that I, like some others, had to tweak a value by a couple of px, that is what the height -= 2 is for.

Basically the main difference is that in MooTools, the delta info comes from event.wheel instead of an extra parameter passed to the event.

Also, I had problems if I bound this code to anything (event.target.scrollHeight for a bound function does not equal this.scrollHeight for a non-bound one)

Hope this helps someone as much as this post helped me ;)


my jQuery plugin:

$('.child').dontScrollParent();

$.fn.dontScrollParent = function()
{
    this.bind('mousewheel DOMMouseScroll',function(e)
    {
        var delta = e.originalEvent.wheelDelta || -e.originalEvent.detail;

        if (delta > 0 && $(this).scrollTop() <= 0)
            return false;
        if (delta < 0 && $(this).scrollTop() >= this.scrollHeight - $(this).height())
            return false;

        return true;
    });
}

Check out Leland Kwong's code.

Basic idea is to bind the wheeling event to the child element, and then use the native javascript property scrollHeight and the jquery property outerHeight of the child element to detect the end of the scroll, upon which return false to the wheeling event to prevent any scrolling.

var scrollableDist,curScrollPos,wheelEvent,dY;
$('#child-element').on('wheel', function(e){
  scrollableDist = $(this)[0].scrollHeight - $(this).outerHeight();
  curScrollPos = $(this).scrollTop();
  wheelEvent = e.originalEvent;
  dY = wheelEvent.deltaY;
  if ((dY>0 && curScrollPos >= scrollableDist) ||
      (dY<0 && curScrollPos <= 0)) {
    return false;
  }
});

I yoinked this from the chosen library: https://github.com/harvesthq/chosen/blob/master/coffee/chosen.jquery.coffee

function preventParentScroll(evt) {
    var delta = evt.deltaY || -evt.wheelDelta || (evt && evt.detail)
    if (delta) {
        evt.preventDefault()
        if (evt.type ==  'DOMMouseScroll') {
            delta = delta * 40  
        }
        fakeTable.scrollTop = delta + fakeTable.scrollTop
    }
}
var el = document.getElementById('some-id')
el.addEventListener('mousewheel', preventParentScroll)
el.addEventListener('DOMMouseScroll', preventParentScroll)

This works for me.


jQuery plugin with emulate natural scrolling for Internet Explorer

  $.fn.mousewheelStopPropagation = function(options) {
    options = $.extend({
        // defaults
        wheelstop: null // Function
        }, options);

    // Compatibilities
    var isMsIE = ('Microsoft Internet Explorer' === navigator.appName);
    var docElt = document.documentElement,
        mousewheelEventName = 'mousewheel';
    if('onmousewheel' in docElt) {
        mousewheelEventName = 'mousewheel';
    } else if('onwheel' in docElt) {
        mousewheelEventName = 'wheel';
    } else if('DOMMouseScroll' in docElt) {
        mousewheelEventName = 'DOMMouseScroll';
    }
    if(!mousewheelEventName) { return this; }

    function mousewheelPrevent(event) {
        event.preventDefault();
        event.stopPropagation();
        if('function' === typeof options.wheelstop) {
            options.wheelstop(event);
        }
    }

    return this.each(function() {
        var _this = this,
            $this = $(_this);
        $this.on(mousewheelEventName, function(event) {
            var origiEvent = event.originalEvent;
            var scrollTop = _this.scrollTop,
                scrollMax = _this.scrollHeight - $this.outerHeight(),
                delta = -origiEvent.wheelDelta;
            if(isNaN(delta)) {
                delta = origiEvent.deltaY;
            }
            var scrollUp = delta < 0;
            if((scrollUp && scrollTop <= 0) || (!scrollUp && scrollTop >= scrollMax)) {
                mousewheelPrevent(event);
            } else if(isMsIE) {
                // Fix Internet Explorer and emulate natural scrolling
                var animOpt = { duration:200, easing:'linear' };
                if(scrollUp && -delta > scrollTop) {
                    $this.stop(true).animate({ scrollTop:0 }, animOpt);
                    mousewheelPrevent(event);
                } else if(!scrollUp && delta > scrollMax - scrollTop) {
                    $this.stop(true).animate({ scrollTop:scrollMax }, animOpt);
                    mousewheelPrevent(event);
                }
            }
        });
    });
};

https://github.com/basselin/jquery-mousewheel-stop-propagation/blob/master/mousewheelStopPropagation.js


The best solution I could find was listening to the scroll event on the window and set the scrollTop to the previous scrollTop if the child div was visible.

prevScrollPos = 0
$(window).scroll (ev) ->
    if $('#mydiv').is(':visible')
        document.body.scrollTop = prevScrollPos
    else
        prevScrollPos = document.body.scrollTop

There is a flicker in the background of the child div if you fire a lot of scroll events, so this could be tweaked, but it is hardly noticed and it was sufficient for my use case.


Don't use overflow: hidden; on body. It automatically scrolls everything to the top. There's no need for JavaScript either. Make use of overflow: auto;:

HTML Structure

<div class="overlay">
    <div class="overlay-content"></div>
</div>

<div class="background-content">
    lengthy content here
</div>

Styling

.overlay{
    position: fixed;
    top: 0px;
    left: 0px;
    right: 0px;
    bottom: 0px;
    background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8);

    .overlay-content {
        height: 100%;
        overflow: scroll;
    }
}

.background-content{
    height: 100%;
    overflow: auto;
}

Play with the demo here.


There's also a funny trick to lock the parent's scrollTop when mouse hovers over a scrollable element. This way you don't have to implement your own wheel scrolling.

Here's an example for preventing document scroll, but it can be adjusted for any element.

scrollable.mouseenter(function ()
{
  var scroll = $(document).scrollTop();
  $(document).on('scroll.trap', function ()
  {
    if ($(document).scrollTop() != scroll) $(document).scrollTop(scroll);
  });
});

scrollable.mouseleave(function ()
{
  $(document).off('scroll.trap');
});

M.K. offered a great plugin in his answer. Plugin can be found here. However, for the sake of completion, I thought it'd be a good idea to put it together in one answer for AngularJS.

  1. Start by injecting the bower or npm (whichever is preferred)

    bower install jquery-scrollLock --save
    npm install jquery-scroll-lock --save
    
  2. Add the following directive. I am choosing to add it as an attribute

    (function() {
       'use strict';
    
        angular
           .module('app')
           .directive('isolateScrolling', isolateScrolling);
    
           function isolateScrolling() {
               return {
                   restrict: 'A',
                   link: function(sc, elem, attrs) {
                      $('.scroll-container').scrollLock();
                   }
               }
           }
    })();
    
  3. And the important piece the plugin fails to document in their website is the HTML structure that it must follow.

    <div class="scroll-container locked">
        <div class="scrollable" isolate-scrolling>
             ... whatever ...
        </div>
    </div>
    

The attribute isolate-scrolling must contain the scrollable class and it all needs to be inside the scroll-container class or whatever class you choose and the locked class must be cascaded.


It is worth to mention that with modern frameworks like reactJS, AngularJS, VueJS, etc, there are easy solutions for this problem, when dealing with fixed position elements. Examples are side panels or overlaid elements.

The technique is called a "Portal", which means that one of the components used in the app, without the need to actually extract it from where you are using it, will mount its children at the bottom of the body element, outside of the parent you are trying to avoid scrolling.

Note that it will not avoid scrolling the body element itself. You can combine this technique and mounting your app in a scrolling div to achieve the expected result.

Example Portal implementation in React's material-ui: https://material-ui-next.com/api/portal/


There is ES 6 crossbrowser + mobile vanila js decision:

function stopParentScroll(selector) {
    let last_touch;
    let MouseWheelHandler = (e, selector) => {
        let delta;
        if(e.deltaY)
            delta = e.deltaY;
        else if(e.wheelDelta)
            delta = e.wheelDelta;
        else if(e.changedTouches){
            if(!last_touch){
                last_touch = e.changedTouches[0].clientY;
            }
            else{
                if(e.changedTouches[0].clientY > last_touch){
                    delta = -1;
                }
                else{
                    delta = 1;
                }
            }
        }
        let prevent = function() {
            e.stopPropagation();
            e.preventDefault();
            e.returnValue = false;
            return false;
        };

        if(selector.scrollTop === 0 && delta < 0){
            return prevent();
        }
        else if(selector.scrollTop === (selector.scrollHeight - selector.clientHeight) && delta > 0){
            return prevent();
        }
    };

    selector.onwheel = e => {MouseWheelHandler(e, selector)}; 
    selector.onmousewheel = e => {MouseWheelHandler(e, selector)}; 
    selector.ontouchmove  = e => {MouseWheelHandler(e, selector)};
}

I was searching for this for MooTools and this was the first that came up. The original MooTools example would work with scrolling up, but not scrolling down so I decided to write this one.


var stopScroll = function (e) {
    var scrollTo = null;
    if (e.event.type === 'mousewheel') {
        scrollTo = (e.event.wheelDelta * -1);
    } else if (e.event.type === 'DOMMouseScroll') {
        scrollTo = 40 * e.event.detail;
    }
    if (scrollTo) {
        e.preventDefault();
        this.scrollTo(0, scrollTo + this.scrollTop);
    }
    return false;
};

Usage:

(function)($){
    window.addEvent('domready', function(){
        $$('.scrollable').addEvents({
             'mousewheel': stopScroll,
             'DOMMouseScroll': stopScroll
        });
    });
})(document.id);

Simple solution with mouseweel event:

$('.element').bind('mousewheel', function(e, d) {
    console.log(this.scrollTop,this.scrollHeight,this.offsetHeight,d);
    if((this.scrollTop === (this.scrollHeight - this.offsetHeight) && d < 0)
        || (this.scrollTop === 0 && d > 0)) {
        e.preventDefault();
    }
});

You can try it this way:

$('#element').on('shown', function(){ 
   $('body').css('overflow-y', 'hidden');
   $('body').css('margin-left', '-17px');
});

$('#element').on('hide', function(){ 
   $('body').css('overflow-y', 'scroll');
   $('body').css('margin-left', '0px');
});