How to resize images proportionally / keeping the aspect ratio?


I have images that will be quite big in dimension and I want to shrink them down with jQuery while keeping the proportions constrained, i.e. the same aspect ratio.

Can someone point me to some code, or explain the logic?

Have a look at this piece of code from http://ericjuden.com/2009/07/jquery-image-resize/

$(document).ready(function() {
    $('.story-small img').each(function() {
        var maxWidth = 100; // Max width for the image
        var maxHeight = 100;    // Max height for the image
        var ratio = 0;  // Used for aspect ratio
        var width = $(this).width();    // Current image width
        var height = $(this).height();  // Current image height

        // Check if the current width is larger than the max
        if(width > maxWidth){
            ratio = maxWidth / width;   // get ratio for scaling image
            $(this).css("width", maxWidth); // Set new width
            $(this).css("height", height * ratio);  // Scale height based on ratio
            height = height * ratio;    // Reset height to match scaled image
            width = width * ratio;    // Reset width to match scaled image
        }

        // Check if current height is larger than max
        if(height > maxHeight){
            ratio = maxHeight / height; // get ratio for scaling image
            $(this).css("height", maxHeight);   // Set new height
            $(this).css("width", width * ratio);    // Scale width based on ratio
            width = width * ratio;    // Reset width to match scaled image
            height = height * ratio;    // Reset height to match scaled image
        }
    });
});

I think this is a really cool method:

 /**
  * Conserve aspect ratio of the original region. Useful when shrinking/enlarging
  * images to fit into a certain area.
  *
  * @param {Number} srcWidth width of source image
  * @param {Number} srcHeight height of source image
  * @param {Number} maxWidth maximum available width
  * @param {Number} maxHeight maximum available height
  * @return {Object} { width, height }
  */
function calculateAspectRatioFit(srcWidth, srcHeight, maxWidth, maxHeight) {

    var ratio = Math.min(maxWidth / srcWidth, maxHeight / srcHeight);

    return { width: srcWidth*ratio, height: srcHeight*ratio };
 }

If I understand the question correctly, you don't even need jQuery for this. Shrinking the image proportionally on the client can be done with CSS alone: just set its max-width and max-height to 100%.

<div style="height: 100px">
<img src="http://www.getdigital.de/images/produkte/t4/t4_css_sucks2.jpg"
    style="max-height: 100%; max-width: 100%">
</div>?

Here's the fiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/9EQ5c/


In order to determine the aspect ratio, you need to have a ratio to aim for.

Height

function getHeight(length, ratio) {
  var height = ((length)/(Math.sqrt((Math.pow(ratio, 2)+1))));
  return Math.round(height);
}

Width

function getWidth(length, ratio) {
  var width = ((length)/(Math.sqrt((1)/(Math.pow(ratio, 2)+1))));
  return Math.round(width);
}

In this example I use 16:10 since this the typical monitor aspect ratio.

var ratio = (16/10);
var height = getHeight(300,ratio);
var width = getWidth(height,ratio);

console.log(height);
console.log(width);

Results from above would be 147 and 300


actually i have just run into this problem and the solution I found was strangely simple and weird

$("#someimage").css({height:<some new height>})

and miraculously the image is resized to the new height and conserving the same ratio!


There are 4 parameters to this problem

  1. current image width iX
  2. current image height iY
  3. target viewport width cX
  4. target viewport height cY

And there are 3 different conditional parameters

  1. cX > cY ?
  2. iX > cX ?
  3. iY > cY ?

solution

  1. Find the smaller side of the target view port F
  2. Find the larger side of the current view port L
  3. Find the factor of both F/L = factor
  4. Multiply both sides of the current port with the factor ie, fX = iX * factor; fY = iY * factor

that's all you need to do.

//Pseudo code


iX;//current width of image in the client
iY;//current height of image in the client
cX;//configured width
cY;//configured height
fX;//final width
fY;//final height

1. check if iX,iY,cX,cY values are >0 and all values are not empty or not junk

2. lE = iX > iY ? iX: iY; //long edge

3. if ( cX < cY )
   then
4.      factor = cX/lE;     
   else
5.      factor = cY/lE;

6. fX = iX * factor ; fY = iY * factor ; 

This is a mature forum, I am not giving you code for that :)


Does <img src="/path/to/pic.jpg" style="max-width:XXXpx; max-height:YYYpx;" > help?

Browser will take care of keeping aspect ratio intact.

i.e max-width kicks in when image width is greater than height and its height will be calculated proportionally. Similarly max-height will be in effect when height is greater than width.

You don't need any jQuery or javascript for this.

Supported by ie7+ and other browsers (http://caniuse.com/minmaxwh).


This should work for images with all possible proportions

$(document).ready(function() {
    $('.list img').each(function() {
        var maxWidth = 100;
        var maxHeight = 100;
        var width = $(this).width();
        var height = $(this).height();
        var ratioW = maxWidth / width;  // Width ratio
        var ratioH = maxHeight / height;  // Height ratio

        // If height ratio is bigger then we need to scale height
        if(ratioH > ratioW){
            $(this).css("width", maxWidth);
            $(this).css("height", height * ratioW);  // Scale height according to width ratio
        }
        else{ // otherwise we scale width
            $(this).css("height", maxHeight);
            $(this).css("width", height * ratioH);  // according to height ratio
        }
    });
});

Here's a correction to Mehdiway's answer. The new width and/or height were not being set to the max value. A good test case is the following (1768 x 1075 pixels): http://spacecoastsports.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/sportsballs1.png. (I wasn't able to comment on it above due to lack of reputation points.)

  // Make sure image doesn't exceed 100x100 pixels
  // note: takes jQuery img object not HTML: so width is a function
  // not a property.
  function resize_image (image) {
      var maxWidth = 100;           // Max width for the image
      var maxHeight = 100;          // Max height for the image
      var ratio = 0;                // Used for aspect ratio

      // Get current dimensions
      var width = image.width()
      var height = image.height(); 
      console.log("dimensions: " + width + "x" + height);

      // If the current width is larger than the max, scale height
      // to ratio of max width to current and then set width to max.
      if (width > maxWidth) {
          console.log("Shrinking width (and scaling height)")
          ratio = maxWidth / width;
          height = height * ratio;
          width = maxWidth;
          image.css("width", width);
          image.css("height", height);
          console.log("new dimensions: " + width + "x" + height);
      }

      // If the current height is larger than the max, scale width
      // to ratio of max height to current and then set height to max.
      if (height > maxHeight) {
          console.log("Shrinking height (and scaling width)")
          ratio = maxHeight / height;
          width = width * ratio;
          height = maxHeight;
          image.css("width", width);
          image.css("height", height);
          console.log("new dimensions: " + width + "x" + height);
      }
  }

$('#productThumb img').each(function() {
    var maxWidth = 140; // Max width for the image
    var maxHeight = 140;    // Max height for the image
    var ratio = 0;  // Used for aspect ratio
    var width = $(this).width();    // Current image width
    var height = $(this).height();  // Current image height
    // Check if the current width is larger than the max
    if(width > height){
        height = ( height / width ) * maxHeight;

    } else if(height > width){
        maxWidth = (width/height)* maxWidth;
    }
    $(this).css("width", maxWidth); // Set new width
    $(this).css("height", maxHeight);  // Scale height based on ratio
});

If the image is proportionate then this code will fill the wrapper with image. If image is not in proportion then extra width/height will get cropped.

    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(function(){
            $('#slider img').each(function(){
                var ReqWidth = 1000; // Max width for the image
                var ReqHeight = 300; // Max height for the image
                var width = $(this).width(); // Current image width
                var height = $(this).height(); // Current image height
                // Check if the current width is larger than the max
                if (width > height && height < ReqHeight) {

                    $(this).css("min-height", ReqHeight); // Set new height
                }
                else 
                    if (width > height && width < ReqWidth) {

                        $(this).css("min-width", ReqWidth); // Set new width
                    }
                    else 
                        if (width > height && width > ReqWidth) {

                            $(this).css("max-width", ReqWidth); // Set new width
                        }
                        else 
                            (height > width && width < ReqWidth)
                {

                    $(this).css("min-width", ReqWidth); // Set new width
                }
            });
        });
    </script>

Without additional temp-vars or brackets.

    var width= $(this).width(), height= $(this).height()
      , maxWidth=100, maxHeight= 100;

    if(width > maxWidth){
      height = Math.floor( maxWidth * height / width );
      width = maxWidth
      }
    if(height > maxHeight){
      width = Math.floor( maxHeight * width / height );
      height = maxHeight;
      }

Keep in Mind: Search engines don't like it, if width and height attribute does not fit the image, but they don't know JS.


After some trial and error I came to this solution:

function center(img) {
    var div = img.parentNode;
    var divW = parseInt(div.style.width);
    var divH = parseInt(div.style.height);
    var srcW = img.width;
    var srcH = img.height;
    var ratio = Math.min(divW/srcW, divH/srcH);
    var newW = img.width * ratio;
    var newH = img.height * ratio;
    img.style.width  = newW + "px";
    img.style.height = newH + "px";
    img.style.marginTop = (divH-newH)/2 + "px";
    img.style.marginLeft = (divW-newW)/2 + "px";
}

The resize can be achieved(maintaining aspect ratio) using CSS. This is a further simplified answer inspired by Dan Dascalescu's post.

http://jsbin.com/viqare

img{
     max-width:200px;
 /*Or define max-height*/
  }
<img src="http://e1.365dm.com/13/07/4-3/20/alastair-cook-ashes-profile_2967773.jpg"  alt="Alastair Cook" />

<img src="http://e1.365dm.com/13/07/4-3/20/usman-khawaja-australia-profile_2974601.jpg" alt="Usman Khawaja"/>


2 Steps:

Step 1) calculate the ratio of the original width / original height of Image.

Step 2) multiply the original_width/original_height ratio by the new desired height to get the new width corresponding to the new height.


This issue can be solved by CSS.

.image{
 max-width:*px;
}

This totally worked for me for a draggable item - aspectRatio:true

.appendTo(divwrapper).resizable({
    aspectRatio: true,
    handles: 'se',
    stop: resizestop 
})

Resize to fit the container, get scale factor, scale down percentage control

 $(function () {
            let ParentHeight = 200;
            let ParentWidth = 300;
            $("#Parent").width(ParentWidth).height(ParentHeight);
            $("#ParentHeight").html(ParentHeight);
            $("#ParentWidth").html(ParentWidth);

            var RatioOfParent = ParentHeight / ParentWidth;
            $("#ParentAspectRatio").html(RatioOfParent);

            let ChildHeight = 2000;
            let ChildWidth = 4000;
            var RatioOfChild = ChildHeight / ChildWidth;
            $("#ChildAspectRatio").html(RatioOfChild);

            let ScaleHeight = ParentHeight / ChildHeight;
            let ScaleWidth = ParentWidth / ChildWidth;
            let Scale = Math.min(ScaleHeight, ScaleWidth);

            $("#ScaleFactor").html(Scale);
            // old scale
            //ChildHeight = ChildHeight * Scale;
            //ChildWidth = ChildWidth * Scale;

            // reduce scale by 10%, you can change the percentage
            let ScaleDownPercentage = 10;
            let CalculatedScaleValue = Scale * (ScaleDownPercentage / 100);
            $("#CalculatedScaleValue").html(CalculatedScaleValue);

            // new scale
            let NewScale = (Scale - CalculatedScaleValue);
            ChildHeight = ChildHeight * NewScale;
            ChildWidth = ChildWidth * NewScale;

            $("#Child").width(ChildWidth).height(ChildHeight);
            $("#ChildHeight").html(ChildHeight);
            $("#ChildWidth").html(ChildWidth);

        });
        #Parent {
            background-color: grey;
        }

        #Child {
            background-color: red;
        }
 
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<div id="Parent">
    <div id="Child"></div>
</div>

<table>
    <tr>
        <td>Parent Aspect Ratio</td>
        <td id="ParentAspectRatio"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>Child Aspect Ratio</td>
        <td id="ChildAspectRatio"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>Scale Factor</td>
        <td id="ScaleFactor"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>Calculated Scale Value</td>
        <td id="CalculatedScaleValue"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>Parent Height</td>
        <td id="ParentHeight"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>Parent Width</td>
        <td id="ParentWidth"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>Child Height</td>
        <td id="ChildHeight"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>Child Width</td>
        <td id="ChildWidth"></td>
    </tr>
</table>