No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource. Origin '…' is therefore not allowed access


I'm using .htaccess to rewrite urls and I used html base tag in order to make it work.

Now, when I try to make an ajax request I get the following error:

XMLHttpRequest cannot load http://www.example.com/login.php. No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource. Origin 'http://example.com' is therefore not allowed access.

Use addHeader Instead of using setHeader method,

response.addHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");

* in above line will allow access to all domains.


For allowing access to specific domain only:

response.addHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "http://www.example.com");

Check this blog post.


Why the error is raised:

JavaScript code is limited by the same-origin policy, meaning, from a page at www.example.com, you can only make (AJAX) requests to services located at exactly the same domain, in that case, exactly www.example.com (not example.com - without the www - or whatever.example.com).

In your case, your Ajax code is trying to reach a service in http://wordicious.com from a page located at http://www.wordicious.com.

Although very similar, they are not the same domain. And when they are not on the same domain, the request will only be successful if the target's respose contains a Access-Control-Allow-Origin header in it.

As your page/service at http://wordicious.com was never configured to present such header, that error message is shown.

Solution:

As said, the origin (where the page with JavaScript is at) and the target (where the JavaScript is trying to reach) domains must be the exact same.

Your case seems like a typo. Looks like http://wordicious.com and http://www.wordicious.com are actually the same server/domain. So to fix, type the target and the origin equally: make you Ajax code request pages/services to http://www.wordicious.com not http://wordicious.com. (Maybe place the target URL relatively, like '/login.php', without the domain).



On a more general note:

If the problem is not a typo like the one of this question seems to be, the solution would be to add the Access-Control-Allow-Origin to the target domain. To add it, depends, of course, of the server/language behind that address. Sometimes a configuration variable in the tool will do the trick. Other times you'll have to add the headers through code yourself.


For .NET server can configure this in web.config as shown below

 <system.webServer>
   <httpProtocol>
     <customHeaders>
       <add name="Access-Control-Allow-Origin" value="your_clientside_websiteurl" />
     </customHeaders>
   </httpProtocol>
 </system.webServer>

For instance lets say, if the server domain is http://live.makemypublication.com and client is http://www.makemypublication.com then configure in server's web.config as below

 <system.webServer>
   <httpProtocol>
     <customHeaders>
       <add name="Access-Control-Allow-Origin" value="http://www.makemypublication.com" />
     </customHeaders>
  </httpProtocol>
 </system.webServer>

If you get this error message from the browser:

No 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header is present on the requested resource. Origin '…' is therefore not allowed access

when you're trying to do an Ajax POST/GET request to a remote server which is out of your control, please forget about this simple fix:

<?php header('Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *'); ?>

What you really need to do, especially if you only use JavaScript to do the Ajax request, is an internal proxy who takes your query and send it through to the remote server.

First in your JavaScript, do an Ajax call to your own server, something like:

$.ajax({
    url: yourserver.com/controller/proxy.php,
    async:false,
    type: "POST",
    dataType: "json",
    data: data,
    success: function (result) {
        JSON.parse(result);
    },
    error: function (xhr, ajaxOptions, thrownError) {
        console.log(xhr);
    }
});

Then, create a simple PHP file called proxy.php to wrap your POST data and append them to the remote URL server as a parameters. I give you an example of how I bypass this problem with the Expedia Hotel search API:

if (isset($_POST)) {
  $apiKey = $_POST['apiKey'];
  $cid = $_POST['cid'];
  $minorRev = 99;

  $url = 'http://api.ean.com/ean-services/rs/hotel/v3/list?' . 'cid='. $cid . '&' . 'minorRev=' . $minorRev . '&' . 'apiKey=' . $apiKey;

  echo json_encode(file_get_contents($url));
 }

By doing:

 echo json_encode(file_get_contents($url));

You are just doing the same query but on the server side and after that, it should works fine.


You need to add this at start of your php page "login.php"

<?php header('Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *'); ?>

you have to put the headers keys/values in options method response. for example if you have resource at http://mydomain.com/myresource then, in your server code you write

//response handler
void handleRequest(Request request, Response response) {
    if(request.method == "OPTIONS") {
       response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin","http://clientDomain.com")
       response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "GET,POST,PUT,DELETE,OPTIONS");
       response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "Content-Type");
    }



}

Basically alter API header response by adding following additional parameters.

Access-Control-Allow-Credentials: true

Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *

But this is not good solution when it comes to the security


The workaround is to use a reverse proxy running on your 'source' host and forwarding to your target server, such as Fiddler:

Link here: http://docs.telerik.com/fiddler/configure-fiddler/tasks/usefiddlerasreverseproxy

Or an Apache Reverse proxy...


Add this to you PHP file or main controller

header("Access-Control-Allow-Origin: http://localhost:9000");

Solved with below entry in httpd.conf

#CORS Issue
Header set X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff"
Header always set Access-Control-Max-Age 1728000
Header always set Access-Control-Allow-Origin: "*"
Header always set Access-Control-Allow-Methods: "GET,POST,OPTIONS,DELETE,PUT,PATCH"
Header always set Access-Control-Allow-Headers: "DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,Content-Type,Origin,Authentication,Authorization,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control"
Header always set Access-Control-Allow-Credentials true

#CORS REWRITE
RewriteEngine On                  
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} OPTIONS 
#RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1 [R=200,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1 [R=200,L,E=HTTP_ORIGIN:%{HTTP:ORIGIN}]]

Pleaes find the Function used in XMLHTTPREQUEST in Javascript for setting up the request headers.

...

xmlHttp.setRequestHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "http://www.example.com");
...
</script>

Reference: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/XMLHttpRequest/setRequestHeader