Send JavaScript variable to PHP variable [duplicate]


Possible Duplicate:
How to pass JavaScript variables to PHP?

First I thought that I had to convert JavaScript to PHP, but then I found out that I cannot because of server and client side executions. So now I simply want to send ONE variable

<script type="text/javascript">
function scriptvariable()
{        
    var theContents = "the variable";
}
</script>

to a PHP variable

<?php
$phpvariable
?>

That function in the JavaScript executes when let's say I click on a button.

Now I have no idea on how to assign that phpvariable to the JavaScript one to use the phpvariable to look up stuff in my database. I know I can add it to my url or some thing and refresh the page, but I would like to do it with AJAX as I might have to use this Ajax method further in my webpage.

So is there an easy way to do this without having to dump pages of code on my page to do one simple thing?

As Jordan already said you have to post back the javascript variable to your server before the server can handle the value. To do this you can either program a javascript function that submits a form - or you can use ajax / jquery. jQuery.post

Maybe the most easiest approach for you is something like this

function myJavascriptFunction() { 
  var javascriptVariable = "John";
  window.location.href = "myphpfile.php?name=" + javascriptVariable; 
}

On your myphpfile.php you can use $_GET['name'] after your javascript was executed.

Regards


PHP runs on the server and Javascript runs on the client, so you can't set a PHP variable to equal a Javascript variable without sending the value to the server. You can, however, set a Javascript variable to equal a PHP variable:

<script type="text/javascript">
  var foo = '<?php echo $foo ?>';
</script>

To send a Javascript value to PHP you'd need to use AJAX. With jQuery, it would look something like this (most basic example possible):

var variableToSend = 'foo';
$.post('file.php', {variable: variableToSend});

On your server, you would need to receive the variable sent in the post:

$variable = $_POST['variable'];

It depends on the way your page behaves. If you want this to happens asynchronously, you have to use AJAX. Try out "jQuery post()" on Google to find some tuts.

In other case, if this will happen when a user submits a form, you can send the variable in an hidden field or append ?variableName=someValue" to then end of the URL you are opening. :

http://www.somesite.com/send.php?variableName=someValue

or

http://www.somesite.com/send.php?variableName=someValue&anotherVariable=anotherValue

This way, from PHP you can access this value as:

$phpVariableName = $_POST["variableName"];

for forms using POST method or:

$phpVariableName = $_GET["variableName"];

for forms using GET method or the append to url method I've mentioned above (querystring).