Force DOM redraw/refresh on Chrome/Mac


Every once in a while, Chrome will render perfectly valid HTML/CSS incorrectly or not at all. Digging in through the DOM inspector is often enough to get it to realize the error of its ways and redraw correctly, so it's provably the case that the markup is good. This happens frequently (and predictably) enough in a project I'm working on that I've put code in place to force a redraw in certain circumstances.

This works in most browser/os combinations:

    el.style.cssText += ';-webkit-transform:rotateZ(0deg)'
    el.offsetHeight
    el.style.cssText += ';-webkit-transform:none'

As in, tweak some unused CSS property, then ask for some information that forces a redraw, then untweak the property. Unfortunately, the bright team behind Chrome for the Mac seem to have found a way to get that offsetHeight without redrawing. Thus killing an otherwise useful hack.

Thus far, the best I've come up with to get the same effect on Chrome/Mac is this piece of ugliness:

    $(el).css("border", "solid 1px transparent");
    setTimeout(function()
    {
        $(el).css("border", "solid 0px transparent");
    }, 1000);

As in, actually force the element to jump a bit, then chill a second and jump it back. Making it worse, if you drop that timeout below 500ms (to where it would be less noticeable), it often won't have the desired effect, since the browser won't get around to redrawing before it goes back to its original state.

Anybody care to offer a better version of this redraw/refresh hack (preferably based on the first example above) that works on Chrome/Mac?

Not sure exactly what you're trying to achieve but this is a method I have used in the past with success to force the browser to redraw, maybe it will work for you.

// in jquery
$('#parentOfElementToBeRedrawn').hide().show(0);

// in plain js
document.getElementById('parentOfElementToBeRedrawn').style.display = 'none';
document.getElementById('parentOfElementToBeRedrawn').style.display = 'block';

If this simple redraw doesn't work you can try this one. It inserts an empty text node into the element which guarantees a redraw.

var forceRedraw = function(element){

    if (!element) { return; }

    var n = document.createTextNode(' ');
    var disp = element.style.display;  // don't worry about previous display style

    element.appendChild(n);
    element.style.display = 'none';

    setTimeout(function(){
        element.style.display = disp;
        n.parentNode.removeChild(n);
    },20); // you can play with this timeout to make it as short as possible
}

EDIT: In response to Šime Vidas what we are achieving here would be a forced reflow. You can find out more from the master himself http://paulirish.com/2011/dom-html5-css3-performance/


None of the above answers worked for me. I did notice that resizing my window did cause a redraw. So this did it for me:

$(window).trigger('resize');

This solution without timeouts! Real force redraw! For Android and iOS.

var forceRedraw = function(element){
  var disp = element.style.display;
  element.style.display = 'none';
  var trick = element.offsetHeight;
  element.style.display = disp;
};

We recently encountered this and discovered that promoting the affected element to a composite layer with translateZ fixed the issue without needing extra javascript.

.willnotrender { 
   transform: translateZ(0); 
}

As these painting issues show up mostly in Webkit/Blink, and this fix mostly targets Webkit/Blink, it's preferable in some cases. Especially since many JavaScript solutions cause a reflow and repaint, not just a repaint.


This works for me. Kudos go here.

jQuery.fn.redraw = function() {
    return this.hide(0, function() {
        $(this).show();
    });
};

$(el).redraw();

Hiding an element and then showing it again within a setTimeout of 0 will force a redraw.

$('#page').hide();
setTimeout(function() {
    $('#page').show();
}, 0);

This seems to do the trick for me. Plus, it really doesn't show at all.

$(el).css("opacity", .99);
setTimeout(function(){
   $(el).css("opacity", 1);
},20);

call window.getComputedStyle() should force a reflow


I ran into this challenge today in OSX El Capitan with Chrome v51. The page in question worked fine in Safari. I tried nearly every suggestion on this page - none worked right - all had side-effects... I ended up implementing the code below - super simple - no side-effects (still works as before in Safari).

Solution: Toggle a class on the problematic element as needed. Each toggle will force a redraw. (I used jQuery for convenience, but vanilla JavaScript should be no problem...)

jQuery Class Toggle

$('.slide.force').toggleClass('force-redraw');

CSS Class

.force-redraw::before { content: "" }

And that's it...

NOTE: You have to run the snippet below "Full Page" in order to see the effect.

$(window).resize(function() {
  $('.slide.force').toggleClass('force-redraw');
});
.force-redraw::before {
  content: "";
}
html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;
  overflow: hidden;
}
.slide-container {
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  overflow-x: scroll;
  overflow-y: hidden;
  white-space: nowrap;
  padding-left: 10%;
  padding-right: 5%;
}
.slide {
  position: relative;
  display: inline-block;
  height: 30%;
  border: 1px solid green;
}
.slide-sizer {
  height: 160%;
  pointer-events: none;
  //border: 1px solid red;

}
.slide-contents {
  position: absolute;
  top: 10%;
  left: 10%;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<p>
  This sample code is a simple style-based solution to maintain aspect ratio of an element based on a dynamic height.  As you increase and decrease the window height, the elements should follow and the width should follow in turn to maintain the aspect ratio.  You will notice that in Chrome on OSX (at least), the "Not Forced" element does not maintain a proper ratio.
</p>
<div class="slide-container">
  <div class="slide">
    <img class="slide-sizer" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7">
    <div class="slide-contents">
      Not Forced
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="slide force">
    <img class="slide-sizer" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7">
    <div class="slide-contents">
      Forced
    </div>
  </div>
</div>


function resizeWindow(){
    var evt = document.createEvent('UIEvents');
    evt.initUIEvent('resize', true, false,window,0);
    window.dispatchEvent(evt); 
}

call this function after 500 milliseconds.


If you want to preserve the styles declared into your stylesheets, better to use something like:

jQuery.fn.redraw = function() {
    this.css('display', 'none'); 
    var temp = this[0].offsetHeight;
    this.css('display', '');
    temp = this[0].offsetHeight;
};

$('.layer-to-repaint').redraw();

NB: with latest webkit/blink, storing the value of offsetHeight is mandatory in order to trigger the repaint, otherwise the VM (for optimizations purposes) will probably skip that instruction.

Update: added the second offsetHeight reading, it is necessary to prevent browser from queueing/caching a following CSS property/class change with the restore of the display value (this way a CSS transition that can follow should be rendered)


Sample Html:

<section id="parent">
  <article class="child"></article>
  <article class="child"></article>
</section>

Js:

  jQuery.fn.redraw = function() {
        return this.hide(0,function() {$(this).show(100);});
        // hide immediately and show with 100ms duration

    };

call function:

$('article.child').redraw(); //<==bad idea

$('#parent').redraw();

An approach that worked for me on IE (I couldn't use the display technique because there was an input that must not loose focus)

It works if you have 0 margin (changing the padding works as well)

if(div.style.marginLeft == '0px'){
    div.style.marginLeft = '';
    div.style.marginRight = '0px';
} else {
    div.style.marginLeft = '0px';
    div.style.marginRight = '';
}

CSS only. This works for situations where a child element is removed or added. In these situations, borders and rounded corners can leave artifacts.

el:after { content: " "; }
el:before { content: " "; }

My fix for IE10 + IE11. Basically what happens is that you add a DIV within an wrapping-element that has to be recalculated. Then just remove it and voila; works like a charm :)

    _initForceBrowserRepaint: function() {
        $('#wrapper').append('<div style="width=100%" id="dummydiv"></div>');
        $('#dummydiv').width(function() { return $(this).width() - 1; }).width(function() { return $(this).width() + 1; });
        $('#dummydiv').remove();
    },

Most answers require the use of an asynchroneous timeout, which causes an annoying blink.

But I came up with this one, which works smoothly because it is synchroneous:

var p = el.parentNode,
    s = el.nextSibling;
p.removeChild(el);
p.insertBefore(el, s);

This is my solution that worked for disappearing content...

<script type = 'text/javascript'>
    var trash_div;

    setInterval(function()
    {
        if (document.body)
        {
            if (!trash_div)
                trash_div = document.createElement('div');

            document.body.appendChild(trash_div);
            document.body.removeChild(trash_div);
        }
    }, 1000 / 25); //25 fps...
</script>

I ran into a similar issue and this simple line of JS helped to fix it:

document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0].focus();

In my case it was a bug with a Chrome extension not redrawing the page after changing its CSS from within the extension.


I wanted to return all the states to the previous state (without reloading) including the elements added by jquery. The above implementation not gonna works. and I did as follows.

// Set initial HTML description
var defaultHTML;
function DefaultSave() {
  defaultHTML = document.body.innerHTML;
}
// Restore HTML description to initial state
function HTMLRestore() {
  document.body.innerHTML = defaultHTML;
}



DefaultSave()
<input type="button" value="Restore" onclick="HTMLRestore()">

I had a react component list which when scrolled, then opened another page, then when returning back the list was not rendered on Safari iOS until page was scrolled. So this is the fix.

    componentDidMount() {
        setTimeout(() => {
            window.scrollBy(0, 0);
        }, 300);
    }

Below css works for me on IE 11 and Edge, no JS needed. scaleY(1) does the trick here. Seems the simplest solution.

.box {
    max-height: 360px;
    transition: all 0.3s ease-out;
    transform: scaleY(1);
}
.box.collapse {
    max-height: 0;
}

It helped me

domNodeToRerender.style.opacity = 0.99;
setTimeout(() => { domNodeToRerender.style.opacity = '' }, 0);

2020: Lighter and stronger

The previous solutions don't work anymore for me.

I guess browsers optimize the drawing process by detecting more and more "useless" changes.

This solution makes the browser draw a clone to replace the original element. It works and is probably more sustainable:

const element = document.querySelector('selector');
if (element ) {
  const clone = element.cloneNode(true);
  element.replaceWith(clone);
}

tested on Chrome 80 / Edge 80 / Firefox 75